Historic New YorkErie Indians were the first inhabitants of this region. In 1654, they were driven out by the Senecas who occupied several sites along the banks of Cattaraugus Creek. The Cattaraugus, the principal stream of many that divide the Cattaraugus Hills, flows westward in a circuitous course, plunging through deep gorges and rippling by wide flats, before entering Lkae Erie. The Holland Land Company purchased the area in 1797. It was surveyed by Joseph Ellicott and Paul Busti who became the Company's agents and opened the land to settlement. A few persons built log houses here beginning in 1807. Following the War of 1812 settlement increased steadily with the arrival of families from New England. Pioneer life had many hardships because of topography, the relatively short growing season and inadequate transportation. Lumber, cheese and maple sugar were the staple products. Leather tanning developed, and local grist mills, textile factories and machine works used the ample supply of water power. The Buffalo and Washington Railway, later part of the Pennsylvania line, arrived in Arcade in 1871 to furnish service to Buffalo and later to Pittsburgh. The region remains largely rural with dairy production an important part of the agrarian economy.
|Series||This marker is part of the New York: Historic New York series|
|Placed By||New York State Education Department, New York State Department of Public Works|
|Marker Condition||No reports yet|
|Date Added||Tuesday, August 4th, 2015 at 10:01am PDT -07:00|
|UTM (WGS84 Datum)||17T E 707154 N 4710827|
|Decimal Degrees||42.52208333, -78.47801667|
|Degrees and Decimal Minutes||N 42° 31.325', W 78° 28.681'|
|Degrees, Minutes and Seconds||42° 31' 19.5" N, 78° 28' 40.86" W|
|Driving Directions||Google Maps|
|Area Code(s)||716, 585|
|Which side of the road?||Marker is on the right when traveling North|
|Closest Postal Address||At or near 12129 NY-16, Chaffee NY 14030, US|
|Alternative Maps||Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap|
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