The Statue of Athena Promachos

The Statue of Athena Promachos (HM1LNG)

Location: Athina
Country: Greece
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N 37° 58.306', E 23° 43.533'

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Inscription
English Text:

The colossal bronze statue of Athena, known as Athena Promachos, dominated in the area between the Propylaia and the Erechtheion, to the left of the visitor walking along the processional way of the Acropolis. It was made by the renowned sculptor Pheidias probably at the bronze foundry situated at the southwest slope of the Acropolis. The Athenians dedicated the statue to Athena, to express their gratitude for her contribution to the victories in the Persian Wars. Later sources refer that its construction was financed from the Persian spoils. However, according to the inscription with the expense accounts, the construction of the statue is dated to 475 - 450 B.C.

The exact form of the statue is not known, but later copies and coins of the Roman Period present the goddess standing, in a calm pose, wearing a belted peplos (robe). According to another version, the outstretched right hand held a Nike (Victory) or an owl. Pausanias, the 2nd century A.D. traveler, mentions that her shield was decorated with scenes from the Centauromachy (battle between Centaurs and Lapiths), executed by the famous bronze sculptor Mys, following drawings by the painter Parrhasios. The total height of the statue with the pedestal is estimated around 9.00 meters. According to ancient tradition, the point of her spear and the crest of her helmet were visible to sailors at sea off cape Sounion. Athena's pedestal, measuring 5x5 meters, was repaired in the Roman Period, probably in the Time of Augustus (31 B.C. - 14 A.D.). Fragments of its crowning with relief mouldings have been preserved to the present day.

Pheidias' masterpiece was carried to Constantinople, and was placed at the hippodrome, probably in the 5th century A.D. There, it was destroyed by the crowd during the siege of the city by the Franks in 1204, because it was considered that the outstretched hand of the goddess beckoned the enemy.
Details
HM NumberHM1LNG
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, July 8th, 2015 at 10:02pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)27S E 260590 N 4206187
Decimal Degrees37.97176667, 23.72555000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 58.306', E 23° 43.533'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 58' 18.36" N, 23° 43' 31.98" E
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 19-21 Theorias, Athina , GR
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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