Libération de Paris

Libération de Paris (HM1LLH)

Location: Paris, Île-de-France 75001 Paris
Country: France
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N 48° 51.287', E 2° 20.73'

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15 août - 28 août 1944

Ce bâtiment, siège de la Préfecture de police, a été, le samedi 19 août 1944, le lieu du déclenchement de l'insurrection des Parisiens contre l'armée d'occupation allemande à l'initiative des mouvements de résistance de la police. Pendant plusieurs jours, des combats meurtriers se déroulent autour de cet immeuble et dans les rues de Paris où policiers, sapeurs-pompiers et gardes républicains, avec leurs camarades FFI et FTP, combattent l'occupant. 167 policiers perdent la vie lors de ces combats. Alors que la révolte est au bord de l'asphyxie, un appel de lat Résistance parisienns est lancé, dès la 23 août, auprès du commandement allié pour aider le soulevement parisien. Sur ordre du général Eisenhower, commandant suprême des forces alliées, et à la demande expresse du général de Gaulle, le général Leclerc, commandant la 2ème DB, marche sur Paris. Le 24 août, il adresse un message, largué par avion, aux insurges : "Tenez bon, nous arrivons". Dans la soirée du 24 août et au matin du 25, la 2ème DB entre dans Paris, le général Leclerc arrive a la Préfecture de Police déja libérée. A 15 h 30, le général von Choltitz, commandant du "Gross Paris", se rend à la Préfecture de Police où il signe la convention de reddition des forces allemandes de Paris avec le général de division Leclerc en présence de MM. Chaban-Delmas, Rol-Tanguy et Kriegel-Valrimont, représentant la Résistance.
Cet acte de capitulation est est rendu public en fin d'après-midi à la gare Montparnasse devant une foule enthousiaste.
Par leur action, leur courage et leur sacrifice, les hommes et les femmes de la Résistance ont facilité la progression des éléments de la 2ème DB et de la 4ème division d'infanterie américaine pour la libération de la Capitale.

[English translation]:
This building, the Police Headquarters, on Saturday, August 19, 1944, was the site of the beginning of the uprising of Parisians against German occupation forces, when the police began resisting the Germans. For several days of deadly fighting going on around this building and in the Paris streets, where police officers, firefighters and Republican Guards, with their comrades FFI (Forces Françaises de l'Intérieur) and FTP (Francs-tireurs et partisans), fought the occupying Germans. 167 police officers were killed in the fighting. With the the revolt on the verge of collapse, a call was made on August 23 by the Allied command to French Resistance fighters to help the Paris uprising. By order of General Eisenhower, Supreme Allied Commander, and at the express request of General de Gaulle, General Leclerc, commander of the 2nd DB, marched on Paris. On August 24, he sent a message, dropped by air, to the insurgents: "Hold on, we are coming." On the evening of August 24 and the morning of the 25th, the 2nd DB entered Paris. General Leclerc arrived at the Police headquarters, which had already been liberated. At 3:30 PM, General von Choltitz, commander of "Great Paris", went to the Police Headquarters where he signed the agreement to surrender all German forces in Paris. In attendence with General Leclerc's division, and representing the Resistance, were Jacques Chaban-Delmas, Henri Rol-Tanguy and Maurice Kriegel-Valrimont.

The act of capitulation took place in the late afternoon at Montparnasse station before an enthusiastic crowd.

By their action, their courage and sacrifice, the men and women of the Resistance facilitated the advance of the 2nd DB elements and the 4th American Infantry Division for the liberation of the capital.
Details
HM NumberHM1LLH
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Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, July 7th, 2015 at 10:01am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)31N E 166021 N 0
Decimal Degrees48.85478333, 2.34550000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 48° 51.287', E 2° 20.73'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds48° 51' 17.2200" N, 2° 20' 43.8000" E
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)214, 972, 469
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 9 Boulevard du Palais, Paris Île-de-France 75001, FR
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