The Ruins of the Triumphal Arch of Theodosius

The Ruins of the Triumphal Arch of Theodosius (HM1LLG)

Location: , İstanbul 34130 Fatih
Country: Turkey
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N 41° 0.565', E 28° 57.733'

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Inscription

Theodosius Zafer Takı Kalıntıları

English:
The marble pieces that are located here belong to the Triumphal Arch and the Forum built by and named after the last emperor of the Roman Empire; Theodosius the Great (4th Cent. A.D.). The Triumphal Arch was situated on the corner of the Theodosius Forum (today's Beyazit Square). This area used to be called "Forum Tauri" (The Bull Square) but in the 4th century A.D. the name was changed into the "Forum of Theodosius". During this period. the forum was surrounded by marble public and civil buildings decorated with porticoes.

The marble archeological pieces that can be seen today were found between the years 1948 and 1961 during the rearrangements of the Beyazit Square and the Ordu Street. After the discovery of these pieces, an experimental restitution was made in spite of the absence of some pieces and finally the probable form of the monument was established. According to this restitution; the Triumphal Arch had a vaulted roof with three passageways, the central one higher and the ones at either sides lower. It was conceived to be similar to the ones in Rome, the capital of the Roman Empire. In the middle was the statue of Theodosius, while on both sides were statues of his sons, Arcadius and Honarius.


Today, the main street that starts from the Hagia Sophia Square is basically in the same direction to the west with the ancient Mese road which formed the main artery of the old city. The Mese, passing through the Theodosius Triumphal Arch of which we see the remainings, continued on to Thrace and reached out the Balkan Peninsula. The Triumphal Arch and the surrounding ancient buildings, to which some ruins possibly belong, were destroyed as a result of invasions and natural disasters like earthquakes from the 5th century on. Thus their destruction was completed long before the conquest of Istanbul by the Turks.

Turkish:
Buada bulunan mermer kalıntılar. Roma İmparatorluğunun son hükümdarı Theodosius (İS. 4. yy) tarafından inşa ettirilen meydana ve aynı adı taşıyan zafer takına aittir. Bu zafer taki Theodosius forumunun (bugünkü Beyazıt Meydanı) güneybatı köşesinde yer alır. Bu alan önceden forum tauri ismini taşımakta iken. İS 4. yüzyılda Theodosius forumu olarak adı deǧiştirilmiştir. Zamanında bu meydan, revaklarla süslü. Mermer sivil ve kamusal binalarla çevrili idi.

Günümüzde görülen mermer arkeolojik parçalar. 1948-1961 yilları arasında Beyazit Meydanı ve Ordu caddesi düzenlenirken bulunmuştur. Zamanında, kalıntıların restitüsyon çizimi deneme olarak yapılmış ve bazı parçalar eksik olmasina raǧmen muhtemel şekli ortaya çıkarılmıştır. Buna göre. zafer taki ortada yüksek, her iki yanda kısa olmak üzere üç giriş olan kemerli bir çatıya sahipti. Roma İmparatorluǧu başkenti Roma'daki cadde taklarının bir benzeri olarak düşünülmüştü. Ortada imparator Theodosius'un yanlarda ise oǧulları Arcadius ve Honorius'un heykelleri bulunmakta idi.

Bugün halen kullanılmakta olan, Ayasofya meydanı'ndan başlayan ana cadde, eski kentin omurgası niteliǧindeki antik Mese yolu olup, aşağı yukarı ayni yönde batıya doǧru gitmekte idi. Mese, burada kalıntıları görülen Theodosius zafer takı'ndan geçerek trakyada devam etmekte ve balkan yarımadasına uzanmaktaydı. Zafer taki ile çevresindeki antik yapılara ait olması muhtemel yıkıntı parçalar; kentin yaşadıǧı istilalar ve 5. Yüzyıldan itibaren oluşan şiddetli depremler gibi doǧal afetler nedeniyle, Türklerin İstanbul'u fethinden çok önce harbe haline gelmişti.
Details
HM NumberHM1LLG
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Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, July 7th, 2015 at 10:01am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)35T E 665006 N 4541656
Decimal Degrees41.00941667, 28.96221667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 41° 0.565', E 28° 57.733'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds41° 0' 33.9" N, 28° 57' 43.98" E
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling East
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 27 Ordu Cd., İstanbul 34130, TR
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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