Theater

Theater (HM1LK9)

Location: , Muğla 48800 Köyceğiz
Country: Turkey
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N 36° 49.544', E 28° 37.396'

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Inscription

Tiyatro

English: The Theater of Caunus, with a seating capacity for 5000 spectators, faces southwest, complying with the Anatolian tradition and follows Hellenistic tradition with respect to its plan. The Theatron (sic) having a diameter of 75 m and with an inclination of 27 degrees is supported by the Analemma, which rises up to 15 m in places free of the slope. Analemma is separated from the stage building (Skene) by open entrances at two sides (Parados). Theatron is divided into 9 wedge-shaped kermis by 8 stairways, the steps of which are 19 cm high. Each kermis is made up of 33 seats. These seats are divided horizontally into two by a corridor (Diazoma) that extends the entire length of the Theatron. Diazoma is connected to two passages covered by barrel vaults at the north and north-east. The Orchestra, which is 22.80 m in diameter, has a horseshoe form and is at the same level with the lowest level of seats.
Theatron faces the Skene, which is located at the southeast and is reconstructed as having two stories as suggested by its remains. Complying with the Hellenistic tradition, the height of the Skene does not reach the topmost level of the Cavea. The proskenion, with the height of 2.40 m, was rebuilt five times between 4th century B.C. and 3rd century A.D. The Perioktos, which is a turning stage system, was added in front of the proskenion in the 3rd century B.C. We have here in Caunus the archaeological remains of this system, the description of which, we can read in the ancient literary sources.

Turkish: 5000 oturma kapasiteli Kaunos Tiyatrosu. Anadolu geleneǧine uygun olarak güneybatıya dönüktür ve plan olarak Helen tiyatrolarının geleneğini sürdürmektedir: 75 m. çapında ve 27° 'lik açı ile arkasındaki yamaca yaslanarak dairesel olarak yükselen Theatron. yamaçtan kurtuldu yönlerde yüksekliği 15 metreye varan çevre duvarı (Analemma) ile çerçevelenmiştir. Analemma, önündeki sahne binasından (Skene). her iki yandaki açık girişlerle (Parados) ayrılır. Theatron. her bir basamağı l9 cm. yüksekliğinde olan sekiz merdivenle kama şeklinde dokuz dilime (Kerkis) ayrılmıştır. Her bir Kerkis. 33 oturma sırasından oluşmaktadır. Bu sıralar bütün Theatron'u yatay olarak bölen bir koridorla (Diazoma) iki kısma ayrılır. Diaıoma., kuzey ve kuzeydoğu yönlerden beşik tonozlu iki geçişle
bağlantılıdır. 22.80 m. çapındaki Orkestra. at nalı biçimindedir ve yine bir Helen geleneği olarak alt oturma sırasının düzlemiyle aynı seviyededir.
Theatron. güneybatı yönde uzunlamasına yerleştirilmiş olan Skene'ye dönüktür ve kalıntılarından anlaşılmaktadır ki, iki katlıdır. Ama yine bir Hellen geleneği olarak yüksekliği hiç bir zaman Kavea'nın üst seviyesine ulaşmamıştır. 2.40 metre yüksekliğindeki proskeniön. İÖ 4. ve İS 3. yüzyıl arasındaki zaman dilimi içinde en az beş yapı evresi geçirmiştir. İÖ 3. yüzyıldaki en önemli yenilik, zamanın döner sahne sistemi olan periaktosların, proskenion önüne eklenmesidir: Yalnızca antik yazarların anlatımlarından bildiğimiz bu sistemin tek arkeolojik belgesi Kaunos Tiyatrosu'ndadır.
Details
HM NumberHM1LK9
Tags
Placed ByKültür ve Turizm Bakanlıǧı and Başkent Üniversitesi
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, July 6th, 2015 at 2:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)35S E 644766 N 4076770
Decimal Degrees36.82573333, 28.62326667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 36° 49.544', E 28° 37.396'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds36° 49' 32.64" N, 28° 37' 23.76" E
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Unnamed Road, Muğla 48800, TR
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