White Tower

White Tower (HM1LBR)

Location: Thessaloníki 546 21
Country: Greece
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N 40° 37.589', E 22° 56.912'

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Inscription

Λευκος Πυργος

The White Tower, which came to be the symbol of Thessaloniki by coincidence, was built in the late 15th century on the site of an older Byzantine tower, where the eastern wall and the sea wall met.

The White Tower is 33.9 meters high and comprises a ground floor and six storeys with a turret at the top. Up until the early 20th century, the Tower was surrounded by a low octagonal wall, which was probably built in 1535/36; three of the corners were reinforced with smaller towers.

The Tower has had many names: "Lion's Tower" in the 16th century, "The Fortress of Kalahari" in the 18th century, the "Janissary Tower" and the "Blood Tower" in the 19th century, since it served as a prison and a place of execution for long-term convicts.

Its current name came to be in 1890, when the Tower was whitewashed by a convict in exchange for his freedom.

After the liberation of Thessaloniki in 1912 and its unification with the Greek state, the White Tower has hosted the city's air defense, the meteorological laboratory of Aristotle University and various Sea Scout groups.

In 1983, the Tower was ceded to the Ministry of Culture and its restoration began; this project was awarded the Europa Rostra prize in 1988. From 1985 onwards, it has operated as an exhibition venue.
Details
HM NumberHM1LBR
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Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, June 25th, 2015 at 2:03pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)27T E 335198 N 4499119
Decimal Degrees40.62648333, 22.94853333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 40° 37.589', E 22° 56.912'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds40° 37' 35.34" N, 22° 56' 54.72" E
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling East
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Leof. Nikis, Thessaloníki 546 21, GR
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