Monuments to the Movement of Grain
— Maritime Heritage —Lifting Buffalo to World Renown. In 1924 Buffalo led the world in handling grain. 300,000,000 bushels passed throught Buffalo harbor, unloaded, lifted, stored, and reloaded by the grain elevators that still stand tall along the banks of the Buffalo River. Grain made Buffalo a major inland port and put the city on the map of the world. Grain Handling Timeline 2003 Kinsman's final load. Self-unloading vessels end use of marine legs and scoopers. 1952 St. Lawrence Seaway opens allowing ship access to the interior. 1950 Grain elevator acivity begins to decline. 1932 Welland Canal built, allowing ships to bypass Buffalo. 1920s-1940s Graon movement peaks at 300,000,000 bushels. Erie/Barge Canal opens. Husted Mill explodes, killing 33. 1906 American Elevator built using slip-formed concrete. 1897 Electric & Great Northern Elevators electrified. 1890 Steel bins developed as a result of fire danger. 1868 Plympton Elevator built with iron bins. 1842 Dart Elevator, the first steam powered elevator in the world, was made of wood. 1825 Erie Canal opens. Grain from mid-western states and provinces was shipped via the Great Lakes and by rail to Buffalo. It was transferred to rail cars and canal boats for shipment to easter ports, where it was distributed around the world. Much grain was also processed in Buffalo into flour, animal feed, brewer's malt, and vegetable oils. How does a grain elevator work? Schematic elevator cross-section. Grain Movement Through Buffalo. Graon Elevator District. Many elevators have been demolished, but you can take a tour and view som eof the elevators that still stand. In summer months The Industrial Heritage Committee, Inc. offers boat tours and walking tours to see the elevators from a unique viewpoint and learn their history and functions. Major Seaway Trail ports became shipping hubs on a national scale Seaway Trail, Inc. Corner Ray & West Main St., Sackets Harbor, NY 13685, 1-800-SAEWAY-T. This exhibit made possible by a grant from FHWA to Seaway Trail, Inc. Thanks tp the Industrial Heritage Committee, Inc. for assistance with the historical information presented here.
|UTM (WGS84 Datum)||17T E 672916 N 4749495|
|Decimal Degrees||42.87848333, -78.88275000|
|Degrees and Decimal Minutes||N 42° 52.709', W 78° 52.965'|
|Degrees, Minutes and Seconds||42° 52' 42.54" N, 78° 52' 57.9" W|
|Driving Directions||Google Maps|
|Closest Postal Address||At or near 236-244 Erie St, Buffalo NY 14202, US|
|Alternative Maps||Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap|
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