Chattanooga's Railroads

Chattanooga's Railroads (HM1LB1)

Location: Chattanooga, TN 37402 Hamilton County
Country: United States of America
Buy Tennessee State flags at Flagstore.com!

N 35° 2.247', W 85° 18.39'

  • 0 likes
  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites
  • 191 views
Inscription

Strategically Important

Battles were fought in and around Chattanooga primarily for control of the railroad network. By 1861, the city had become one of the South's most important rail hubs. The lines that crossed here connected the Atlantic Ocean to the Tennessee River and Middle Tennessee and the Mississippi River to East Tennessee and Virginia. To support these railroads, Chattanooga entrepreneur Robert Cravens built the East Tennessee Iron Manufacturing Company two blocks south of here to make "chilled railroad car wheels of the very best quality and freight cars of any description."

Confederate forces controlled the city's vital railroads until November 1863, when the Union army occupied Chattanooga. The Federals renovated and expanded the network of tracks and sidings south of town in this area. From here, General William T. Sherman gathered the supplies for his summer 1864 drive to capture Atlanta.

The most famous incident concerning the rail network was the April 1862 raid led by James J. Andrews to destroy the line between Atlanta and Chattanooga. At Big Shanty (present-day Kennesaw), Georgia, the men stole The General, a Western and Atlantic locomotive, and raced north along the single-track line to destroy bridges and cut telegraph wires. Western and Atlantic employees pursued them with two locomotives, Yonah and Texas, disrupting the raiders' work and causing them to abandon The General near Ringgold, Georgia. Four of Andrews's Raiders, who were among the first to receive Medals of Honor, are buried at the Chattanooga National Cemetery. The State of Ohio added a memorial to the cemetery to honor the raiders in 1890.
Details
HM NumberHM1LB1
Tags
Placed ByTennessee Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, June 25th, 2015 at 10:01am PDT -07:00
Pictures
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 654471 N 3878506
Decimal Degrees35.03745000, -85.30650000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 35° 2.247', W 85° 18.39'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds35° 2' 14.82" N, 85° 18' 23.4" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)423, 931
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1400 Market St, Chattanooga TN 37402, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. Is this marker part of a series?
  2. What historical period does the marker represent?
  3. What historical place does the marker represent?
  4. What type of marker is it?
  5. What class is the marker?
  6. What style is the marker?
  7. Does the marker have a number?
  8. What year was the marker erected?
  9. This marker needs at least one picture.
  10. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  11. Is the marker in the median?