Tetragonos Agora - The Commercial Market

Tetragonos Agora - The Commercial Market (HM1L34)

Location: , İzmir 35920 Selçuk
Country: Turkey
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N 37° 56.374', E 27° 20.47'

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Inscription

Tetragonos Agora - Ticari Pazar Yeri

— Die Tetragonos Agora - Der Handelsmarkt —

English: The Commercial Market was already founded in the 3rd century B.C. Its visible form goes back to an expansion under Emperor Augustus (27 B.C. - A.D. 14) into a square ensemble (side lengths 154 m) with three gates in the north, west and south, a central courtyard (side length 112 m) enclosed on all sides by two-aisled, two-storey halls with business and administrative offices. To the east, on the `Marble Street', a two-aisled Doric basilica was built in the upper storey of the Agora during Emperor Nero's reign (A.D. 54-68); this probably functioned as a justice court. After a devastating earthquake at the end of the 4th century A.D., a completely new renovation took place of all the main structural elements of the Agora, using architectural pieces from throughout Ephesos. In the 6th century A.D., the northern hall received tremendous retaining wall, instead of its rear rooms, against the artificial hill lying behind it (today the headquarters of the gendarmerie barracks).
Turkish: Ticari pazar yeri (agora) İ.Ö. 3. yüzyılda çoktan kurulmuştu. Görünen şekli, imparator Augustus (İ.Ö. 27 - İ.S. 14) Dönemi'ndeki genişletmeye kadar geri gider, bu dönemde, kuzeyde, batıda ve güneyde olmak üzere üç büyük kapısı olan kare biçiminde bir yapı grubu (uzunluğu 154 m), merkezi bir avlu (uzunluğu 112 m) ve bu avluyu dört tarafından çevreleyen iki nefli, iki katlı dükkan ve iş yerlerinin bulunduğu stoalar yapılmıştır. Doğuda, 'Mermer Cadde'de İmparator Neron (İ.S. 54-68) döneminde agoranın üst katında, olasılıkla mahkeme binası olarak hizmet veren Dor üslubunda iki nefli bir bazilika inşaa edilmiştir. Şiddetli bir depremin ardından, İ.S. 4. yüzyılın sonunda agora, temellerinin üzerine Efes'te elde bulunan mimari parçalar kullanılarak yeniden yapılmıştır. İ.S. 6. yüzyılda kuzey galerideki odaların yerine, bunların arkasında yer alan, suni bir tepeciğe karşı büyük bir istinat duvarı yapılmıştır (günümüzde jandarma kışla merkezi).
German: To read the German text, click on the marker image to enlarge it.
Details
HM NumberHM1L34
Tags
Placed ByKültür ve Turizm Bakanlıǧı and Osterreichisches Archaologisches Institut
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, June 15th, 2015 at 10:01am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)35S E 529978 N 4199164
Decimal Degrees37.93956667, 27.34116667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 56.374', E 27° 20.47'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 56' 22.44" N, 27° 20' 28.2" E
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Efes Harabeleri, İzmir 35920, TR
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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