KaunosEnglish: " ...Harpagos, after subduing, Ionia, make an expedition against the Carians, Cautions and Lycians... " This statement informs us of the significance of Caunus with respect to ancient geography and political relations during the third quarter of the 6th century B.C. Caria and Lycia were large territories including many cities and villages and the name of Caunus is mentioned as another territory between these two adjacent territories. It points to the fact that Caunus was the center of a territory of the same name, which included many cities and villages under its control. Despite the fact that the Cautions claimed for themselves a Cretan origin, the founders of the city were indigenous to Anatolia. Besides their language, customs and traditions, with their own deities they were quite distinct from their neighbours and from another indigenous Anatolian group. This is further supported by Caunus's earliest local name, Kbid, which is documented from archaeological finds and this local non-Hellenic name, was in use until the end of the 6th century B.C. The city was renamed Caunus directly following its colonization by the Hellenes, this was the case with other cities in Anatolia. After the King's Peace Treaty in 387 B.C., Caunus came under the rule of a local dynasty, the Hecatomnids, who presented themselves as Perian satraps (Governors). And Caunus became a strategically, economically and politically prosperous Carian city. The city has a long and important history during the Christian Byzantine Period. During the late antiquity, Caunus remained within the Eastern Rome Empire and adhered to the Lycian Church until the middle of Medieval Period. Beginning from this period, Caunus was called by the name: Hagia Caunus. The reason why the people of Caunus had almost a "greenish complexion" enough to cause them to be described as "unhealthy" was due to malaria.
|Placed By||Kültür ve Turizm Bakanlıǧı and Başkent Üniversitesi|
|Marker Condition||No reports yet|
|Date Added||Wednesday, June 10th, 2015 at 2:02pm PDT -07:00|
|UTM (WGS84 Datum)||26S E 355225 N 4076450|
|Decimal Degrees||36.82285000, 28.62330000|
|Degrees and Decimal Minutes||N 36° 49.371', E 28° 37.398'|
|Degrees, Minutes and Seconds||36° 49' 22.26" N, 28° 37' 23.88" E|
|Driving Directions||Google Maps|
|Closest Postal Address||At or near Unnamed Road, Muğla 48800, TR|
|Alternative Maps||Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap|
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