The "rigolet" canal

The "rigolet" canal (HM1KUF)

Location: Coteau-du-Lac, Québec J0P 1B0 Vaudreuil-Soulanges
Country: Canada
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N 45° 17.222', W 74° 10.57'

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Le canal rigolet

English: Since the "batteau" was difficult to portage, the French has to find another means of getting this heavy boat past the rapids. As a result, they constructed a "rigolet" canal at Coteau-du-Lac in the 18th century.
A "rigolet" canal was simply a dike consisting of rocks piled up to form a line parallel to the shore, at about a dozen feet from it. This shallow navigable channel offered boats protection from the violent currents of the nearby rapids.
The "batteau"
At the beginning of the 18th century, the French started to use a new type of boat, which they called a "batteau."
Not only was the craft more stable than the canoe, but it could also carry more goods.
The "batteau" was like a flat bottomed barge with pointed ends. It was propelled by oar or pole, and could be fitted with a sail. A crew of 4 to 5 was required to man each boat.
The average "batteau" used on the upper St. Lawrence measured 9 to 12 metres in length and 1.5 to 2.4 metres across at its broadest point; it had a loading capacity of 3 to 5 tonnes.
It was often necessary to unload three-quarters of the cargo. and sometimes even all of it, so that the "batteau" could pass through the "rigolet" canal.
French:

Étant donné que les «batteaux» pouvaient difficilement être portages, les Français durent trouver une solution pour faciliter le passage de ces lourdes embarcations à la hauteur des rapides. C'est ainsi qu'au cours du 18ᵉ siècle, ils construisirent un canal rigolet à Coteau-du-lac.
Un canal rigolet était un simple endiguement formé par une chaine de roches entassées parallèlement au rivage, à une dizaine de pieds de ce dernier. Ce couloir navigable peu profond avait l'avantage de protéger les embarcations de la violence du courant des rapides situes à proximité.

Le «batteau»
Au tournant du 18ᵉ siècle, les Français commencent à utiliser un nouveau type d'embarcation qu'ils nomment tout simplement le «batteau»
Plus sécuritaire, cette embarcation permettait également de transporter plus de marchandises que le canot.
Le «batteau» ressemblait à une barge à fond plat avec des extrémités en forme de pointe. Il était propulsé à la rame ou à la perche et pouvait être muni d'une voile. Un équipage de 4 a 5 hommes suffisait à le manoeuvrer.
Les «bateaux» utilisés sur le haut Saint-Laurent mesuraient de 9 à 12 mètres de longueur par 1,5 à 2,4 mètres de largeur au centre et avant un capacité de charge de 3 à 5 tonnes.
Il était souvent nécessaire de décharger les trois quarts et parfois même la totalité de la cargaison pour qu'un «batteau» puisse franchir le canal rigolet.
Details
HM NumberHM1KUF
Tags
Placed ByParks Canada / Parcs Canada
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, June 1st, 2015 at 2:02am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 564605 N 5015167
Decimal Degrees45.28703333, -74.17616667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 45° 17.222', W 74° 10.57'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds45° 17' 13.32" N, 74° 10' 34.2" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 308 Chemin du Fleuve, Coteau-du-Lac Québec J0P 1B0, CA
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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