A canal excavated in the rock

A canal excavated in the rock (HM1KSO)

Location: Coteau-du-Lac, Québec J0P 1B0 Vaudreuil-Soulanges
Country: Canada
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N 45° 17.249', W 74° 10.56'

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Un canal creusé dans le roc

English: The point at Coteau-du-Lac is formed by superimposed layers of dolomite (rock containing lime and magnesium). The British military used various excavation techniques to build a canal at this spot.
In general, they removed the rock layer by layer by driving iron wedges in between the strata with sledgehammers. In the case of large, un-cracked surfaces, they drilled holes and then partially filled the with gunpowder which was ignited to blast the rock. We also presume that frost action during the winter helped to split the rock and thereby facilitated the excavation work.
How was the rock blasted with gunpowder?

Two men bored a blasting hole in the rock with a jumper and sledgehammer.
A third of the hole was filled with gunpowder into which a long needle was inserted. A small wad of straw was placed above the gunpowder. The hole was then filled with fragments of stone up to within an inch of its top and an iron rod was used to ram the tamping. The top of the hole was sealed off with moist clay. The needle was then pulled out and the small opening left in its place was filled with fine powder or with a series of straws containing powder and acting as a fuse. All that the powderman then had to do was light the charge and run as fast as his legs could carry him before the explosion occurred!
Look carefully at the other side of the canal. You can see traces of the holes made in the bedrock with the boring tools. The diameter of these blasting holes varies from 3 to 4 cm and the deepest ones penetrated the rock up to 60 cm.
French:
La pointe de Coteau-du-lac est formée de dolomie (roche contenant de la chaux et la magnésie) disposée en couches superposées. Pour y construire un canal, les militaires britanniques ont utilisé différentes techniques d'excavation.
Habituellement, ils dégageant une à une les couches rocheuses en y enfonçant les coins de fer a la masse. Pour les grandes surfaces non fissurées, ils introduisaient de la poudre à canon dans les trous percés à même le roc et le faisait ainsi éclater. De plus, on présume qu'au cours de l'hiver le gel a contribué au fractionnement de la roche, facilitant l'autant le travail des ouvriers.

Comment faire exploser le roc á la poudre á canon
Deux hommes perdaient un trou de mine avec un foret et un masse. Dans le premier tiers du trou, on versait de la poudre á canon dans laquelle on introduisait une longue aiguille. Une petite bourre de paille était placée sur la poudre á canon. On mettait ensuite des éclats de pierre, tassés à la barre de fer, jusqu'a un pouce du bord du trou, que l'on comblait avec de l'argile humide. On retirait alors l'aiguille du trou; le petit orifice laissé par l'aiguille était rempli avec une fine poudre à canon ou encore avec une paille contenant cette substance explosive et qui tenait lieu de mèche. Enfin, il ne restait qu'a allumer et à se sauver le plus vite possible avant l'explosion!
Observez bien l'autre paroi du canal; vous remarquerez dans la roche mère des traces de trou fait au foret, Le diamètre de ces trous variait de trois à quatre centimètres et les plus profonds pénétraient jusqu'a soixante centimètres dans la roche.
Details
HM NumberHM1KSO
Tags
Placed ByParks Canada / Parcs Canada
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, May 29th, 2015 at 2:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 564618 N 5015217
Decimal Degrees45.28748333, -74.17600000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 45° 17.249', W 74° 10.56'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds45° 17' 14.94" N, 74° 10' 33.6" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 308 Chemin du Fleuve, Coteau-du-Lac Québec J0P 1B0, CA
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