A strategic site / Un lieu stratégique

A strategic site / Un lieu stratégique (HM1KRL)

Location: Coteau-du-Lac, Québec J0P 1B0 Vaudreuil-Soulanges
Country: Canada
Buy Canada flags at Flagstore.com!

N 45° 17.248', W 74° 10.497'

  • 0 likes
  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites
  • 1019 views
Inscription
English:
During the American Revolution, Governor Haldimand decided to establish a supply centre at Coteau-du-Lac, since it was well situated on the line of communication between Montréal and the Great Lakes. As early as 1779, blockhouses, palisaded works and abattis protected the installations from possible raid or surprise attack by a small force.
The War of 1812 changed Coteau-du-Lac's defensive role considerably. Now that the American border was only a few kilometres away, the enemy could bypass Kingston and attack Montréal directly, thus isolating the defensive forces of Upper and Lower Canada. Since Coteau-du-Lac was still vital to controlling communication between the two Canadas, the site needed stronger fortifications that could with-stand a major, artillery-supported attack.
A Site to be Defended
In addition to the fortified barracks and blockhouses, defensive works were set up on either side of the canal as part of the fortification complex constructed in 1813. To the west, a thick rampart protected the barracks, powder magazine and guardhouse from an attack the enemy might make on dry land. The rampart's indented trace meant that firing angles intersected, thus ensuring that the defensive works were properly flanked.
The sector to the east of the canal was set up in view of controlling navigation on the river. Its principal feature was a battery situated on the point of Couteau-du-Lac and equipped with three 24-pounder guns. This artillery was mounted on traversing platforms, which could be swivelled to cover nearly a full circle with cannon fire. Nearby stood the octagonal blockhouse, commanding the rest of the fortifications.

French:
Lors de la guerre de la Revolution Américaine, le gouverneur Haldimand décide d'aménager un centre de ravitaillement à Coteau-du-lac, qui occupe une position avantageuse pour les communications entre Montréal et les Grands Lacs. Dès 1779, blockhaus, palissades et abattis protègent les installations contre un éventuel coup de main ou une petite attaque surprise.
La guerre de 1812-1814 modifie sensiblement le rôle défensif de Coteau-du-lac. La frontière américaine, dorénavant située à quelques kilomètres, ouvre la possibilité à l'ennemi de contourner Kingston, pour attaquer directement Montréal et isoler les forces defensives des deux Canada. Coteau-du-lac, toujours essentiel au contrôle de la communications entre le Bas et le Haut Canada, nécessite alors un fortification plus importante, capable de résister à une attaque majeure supportée par l'artillerie.

Une place à défendre

Outre les casernes fortifiées et les blockhaus, l'ensemble défensif construit en 1813 comporte deux entités aménagées de part de d'autre du canal. À l'ouest, un volumineux rempart protège les casernes, la poudrier ainsi que le corps de garde contre une attaque de l'ennemi, qui pourrait provenir de la terre ferme. Le trace découpe du rempart assure le croisement des angles de tir, nécessaire au flanquement des ouvrages défensifs.

Le secteur aménagé à l'est du canal a pour objectif de contrôler la navigation sur le fleuve. Il est principalement doté d'une batterie, située sur la pointe du Coteau, et qui se compose de trois pieces de 24 livres. Cette artillerie, montée sur des plateformes pivotantes, permet de soutenir le feu sur près de 360º . À proximité, on retrouve le blockhaus octagonal, qui offre une position de commandement sur l'ensemble des fortifications.
Details
HM NumberHM1KRL
Tags
Placed ByParks Canada / Parcs Canada
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, May 27th, 2015 at 2:01pm PDT -07:00
Pictures
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 564700 N 5015216
Decimal Degrees45.28746667, -74.17495000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 45° 17.248', W 74° 10.497'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds45° 17' 14.8800" N, 74° 10' 29.8200" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 18 Rue Wilson, Coteau-du-Lac Québec J0P 1B0, CA
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. Is this marker part of a series?
  2. What historical period does the marker represent?
  3. What historical place does the marker represent?
  4. What type of marker is it?
  5. What class is the marker?
  6. What style is the marker?
  7. Does the marker have a number?
  8. What year was the marker erected?
  9. This marker needs at least one picture.
  10. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  11. Is the marker in the median?