The Rideau Canal

The Rideau Canal (HM1KOV)

Location: Ottawa, Ontario Ottawa Division
Country: Canada
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N 45° 25.46', W 75° 41.677'

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Inscription

Le canal Rideau

English:
Built between 1826 and 1832, the Rideau Canal is the best preserved, fully operational example of North America's great canal building era. Lieutenant-Colonel John By's innovative deign was based on a "slackwater" system that linked lakes and rivers on a scale unprecedented in North America. The result was one of the first canals in the world engineered for steam-powered vessels. Its construction through more than 200 kilometres of bush, swamps, and lakes was a monumental feat. Each year, as many as 5,000 workers, mainly Irish immigrants and French Canadians, toiled under the supervision of civil contractors and the Royal Engineers. Working in extremely difficult conditions, they endured injury and disease, and hundreds died. This fortified waterway was intended as a safe military supply route between Montréal and Lake Ontario by providing an alternative to the St. Lawrence River. It chiefly served as a key artery for moving goods and people until the 1850s and became a popular recreational destination in the 20th century. The Rideau Canal was inscribed on UNESCO's World Heritage List in 2007.

French:
Cette voie navigable, réalisée entre 1826 and 1832, constitue le canal en activité le mieux conserve de tous ceux bâtis à la grande époque de la construction des canaux en Amérique du Nord. Le lieutenant-colonel John By élabora un projet novateur basé sur un système à plans d'eau successifs pour relier lacs et rivières à une échelle encore jamais vue en Amérique du Nord. Il créa ainsi l'un des premiers canaux au monde conçus pour les bateaux à vapeur. La construction menée sur plus de 200 kilomètres de forêts, de marécages et de lacs relevait de l'exploit. Chaque année, jusqu'a 5 000 ouvriers, la plupart des immigrants irlandais et des Canadiens français, y travaillaient sous la supervision d'entrepreneurs civils et l'ingéniais royaux. Ils oeuvraient dans des conditions difficiles où les maladies et les blessures étaient nombreuses, des centaines trouvant la mort. Ce canal fortifié devait remplacer le fleuve Saint-Laurent comme voie de ravitaillement militaire entre Montréal et le lac Ontario. Il joua surtout un rôle clé dans le transport des biens et des le des personnes jusqu'aux années 1850, puis devint aux XXᵉ siècle une destination récréative prisée. Le canal Rideau a été inscrit en 2007 sur la Liste du patrimoine mondial de l'UNESCO.
Details
HM NumberHM1KOV
Tags
Placed ByHistoric Sites and Monument Board of Canada/Commission de lieux et monuments historique du Canada
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, May 23rd, 2015 at 10:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 445659 N 5030324
Decimal Degrees45.42433333, -75.69461667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 45° 25.46', W 75° 41.677'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds45° 25' 27.6" N, 75° 41' 40.62" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 53 Ottawa Regional Rd 91, Ottawa Ontario , CA
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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