Rideau Canal National Historic Site of Canada

Rideau Canal National Historic Site of Canada (HM1KKM)

Location: Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0A6 Ottawa Division
Country: Canada

N 45° 25.489', W 75° 41.713'

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Inscription

Lieu historique national du Canada du Canal-Rideau

English:
The Rideau Canal, a great military engineering achievement of the 19th century, opened central Canada to settlement and trade. The canal construction also brought thousands of people to the area, helping to shape the community of Bytown, known today as Ottawa, Canada's Capital.
The entrance locks mark the beginning of a 202-kilometre route linking the Ottawa River and Lake Ontario through a system of lakes and rivers, connected and made navigable by the channels, locks and dams that the workers constructed. Designed for military purposes, and completed in 1832, the canal was never used for defence. Today, it is an artery for recreational boating and a national historic site operated by Parks Canada.
In Command
In command was Lieutenant Colonel John By. It was his mission to drive a waterway through great distances of almost impenetrable rock and swamp. Faced with extremes of climate, escalating costs and rampant disease, By drew on his qualities of leadership, determination and extraordinary technical ingenuity to complete the Rideau Canal in only six short years.
Gruelling Labour
Engineers used explosives to blast a channel through the rocks to the Canadian Sheild, but it was men with picks, shovels, chisels and mallet who did the hard physical work. More than 2.000 workers were needed to dig the channel, break up the rock and cart away the debris. Hundreds sacrificed themselves to accident, disease and cold to build the great canal.
French:
Le Canal Rideau, une grand réalisation du génie militaire du XIXᵉ siècle, a ouvert le centre du Canada à la colonisation et au commerce. La construction du canal a aussi amène des milliers de personnes à s'installer dans la région, ce qui a contribué à l'établissement de Bytown (aujourd'hui Ottawa) et de la capitale du Canada.
Les écluses d'entrée du canal Rideau marquent le début d'une voie de 202 kilometres reliant la rivière des Outaouais au lac Ontario par un réseau de rivières et de lacs rattachés entre eux et rendus navigables grâce à des chenaux, des écluses et des barrages construits par les travailleurs. Conçu à des fins militaires et achevé en 1832, le canal Rideau n'a jamais servi à la defense. C'est aujourd'hui une voie de navigation de plaisance et un lieu historique national exploité par Pacs Canada qui en est aussi propriétaire.
Aux commandes
Le lieutenant-colonel John By, qui assurait le commandement, avait pour mission d'aménager une voie navigable au milieu de grandes étendues quasi infranchissables de roc et de marécages. Confronté aux rigueurs de climat, à des coûts croissants et à la maladie, il a tout des même réussi l'exploit de construire le canal Rideau en seulement six années grâce à ses qualities de chef, à sa détermination et à une extraordinaire ingéniosité technique.
Un travail ardu
Les ingénieurs ont tracé en chenal à travers de roc du Bouclier canadien à l'aide d'explosifs, mais ce sont des hommes, armés de pics, de pelles, de ciseaux et de maillets, qui ont exécute le dur labeur physique. Plus de 2 000 travailleurs on creusé le chenal, brisé la roc et transporté les débris. Des centaines d'entre eux sont morts d'accident, de maladie ou de froid durant les travaux.
Details
HM NumberHM1KKM
Tags
Placed ByThe National Capital Commission / La Commission de la capitale nationale
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, May 19th, 2015 at 2:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 445612 N 5030378
Decimal Degrees45.42481667, -75.69521667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 45° 25.489', W 75° 41.713'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds45° 25' 29.34" N, 75° 41' 42.78" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1 Wellington St, Ottawa Ontario K1A 0A6, CA
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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