Blockhaus de la Rivière-Lacolle

Blockhaus de la Rivière-Lacolle (HM1KBA)

Location: , Québec J0J 1J0 Le Haut-Richelieu
Country: Canada

N 45° 4.161', W 73° 20.533'

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Inscription

Lacolle Mills Blockhouse

English:
Built prior to the War of 1812, the Lacolle Blockhouse is one of the last military defense works of of its kind still standing in Canada. After the American invasion of 1775 and 1776, the British authorities wished to exert better control over access to the Saint Lawrence River via the Richelieu River. In 1778, the Royal Engineers began building a defence network of forts, redoubts and blockhouses such as the one on the Lacolle River. Lacolle became an important outpost protecting the entrance to the Richelieu River. On March 30, 1814, American forces under General James Wilkinson attacked British troops entrenched in the Lacolle Mill, a strategic position close to the blockhouse. The American army of 4,000 was routed by a force of 600 British soldiers and Canadian militia. The fortification was severely tested during the battle. Less than 25 years later, On November 7, 1838, the same site witnessed one of the last confrontations between the Patriotes and loyalist volunteers during the 1837-1838 Rebellion. On November 16, 1960, the Lacolle Mills Blockhouse was classified as a heritage building by the ministère de la Culture et des Communications du Quebec. In 2007, it was listed on the Canadian Register of Historic Places.

French:
Érigé a l'époque de la guerre de 1812, le blockhaus de la Rivière-Lacolle est l'un des derniers ouvrages militaires du genre à exister au Canada.
Après les invasions américaines de 1775-1776, les autorités britanniques désirent mieux contrôler l'accès au fleuve Saint-Laurent par la rivière Richelieu. En 1778, les ingénieurs royaux entreprennent la mise en place d'un système de défense qui comprend plusieurs types d'ouvrages militaires tels que des forts, des redoutes et des blockhaus comme celui de la Rivière-Lacolle. Alcoolé constitue alors un avant-poste important qui protège l'entrée de la rivière Richelieu.
Le 30 mars 1814, le général américain James Wilkinson attaque les troupes britannique retranchées au moulin de Lacolle, position stratégique à proximité du blockhaus. L'armée américaine qui compte 4 000 hommes est mise en déroute par 600 soldats britannique et miliciens canadiens. La fortification est mise à rude épreuve lors de cette bataille.
Moins de 25 ans plus tard, c'est-à-dire le 7 novembre 1838, le meme site est témoin d'un des derniers affrontements de l'insurrection de 1837-1838 entre les Patriotes et le Volontaires.
Le 16 novembre 1960, le blockhaus de le Rivière-Lacolle est classé immeuble patrimonial par le ministère de la Culture et des Communications du Québec. En 2007, il est inscrit au répertoire des lieux patrimoniaux du Canada
Details
HM NumberHM1KBA
Tags
Marker Number15
Placed ByQuébec Culture et Communications, Tourisme Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, May 3rd, 2015 at 6:02pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 630500 N 4991991
Decimal Degrees45.06935000, -73.34221667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 45° 4.161', W 73° 20.533'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds45° 4' 9.6600" N, 73° 20' 31.9800" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1-15 Montée Bowman, Québec J0J 1J0, CA
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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