33 of the 55 black residents listed in the 1880 U.S. Census for San Diego County, lived in the Julian area. First to find gold was Fred Coleman in 1869. A creek, mining camp and a toll road bear his name. Albert Robinson and wife Margaret founded the Hotel Robinson, now the Julian Hotel. America Newton, a laundress, owned 80 AC. adjacent to the grade that bears her name. The four black pioneers buried in the Julian Cemetery are Albert Robinson, America Newton, Susan Tull - Margaret's mother and Margaret's daughter, Martha Boyd.