Chantier Naval de Île-aux-Noix

Chantier Naval de Île-aux-Noix (HM1JVA)

Location: Île-aux-Noix, Québec J0J 1G0 Le Haut-Richelieu
Country: Canada

N 45° 7.602', W 73° 16.165'

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Inscription

The Île-aux-Noix Naval Shipyard

English:
When war was declared between the United States and England, in June of 1812, Canada again risked being attacked from the south. The Lake Champlain-Richelieu River corridor represented the easiest way to invade Montrêal. Île-aux-Noix quickly acquired key strategic significance. Sir George Prevost, then governor-in-chief of British North America chose to act swiftly. As the Americans and British raced for military supremacy on Lake Champlain, the naval shipyard of Île-aux-Noix developed rapidly. Construction activity reached its peak in the summer of 1814 with the launch of the Confiance, a 12000 ton, 36 gun brigantine. In September 1814, while not quite completed, the vessel took part in an important naval battle in the Bay of Plattsburgh. Captured by the Americans, the ship lost its anchor as well 15 of its cannons that rapidly sank to the bottom of Lake Champlain. One of its anchors , salvaged from the water in 1996, can be admired in the entrance hall of Plattsburgh City Hall. The shipbuilding continued during the year that followed the war. The garrison was reduced throughout the 1820s, until finally, in 1834, the naval shipyard of Île-aux-Noix was shut down completely. Between 1819 and 1829, the British erected am imposing new stone military fortification, complete with moats, renaming the site "Fort Lennox".

French:
En juin 1812, à la suite de la déclaration de guerre entre les États-Unis et l'Angleterre, le Canada se retrouve encore une fois en danger d'être attaqué par le sud. Le corridor Lac Champlain-Rivière Richelieu représente la route d'invasion la plus facile vers Montréal. La position stratégique de l'Île-aux-Noix prend alors une importance capitale. Sir George Prévost, gouverneur en chef de l'Amérique de Nord britannique, décide d'agir rapidement.
La chantier de construction navale de l'Île-aux-Noix se développe au rythme de la course que se livrent Américains et Britanniques pour la suprématie navale sur le Lac Champlain. L'activité de construction atteint son point culminant à l'été de 1814, lors du lancement du brigantin Confiance, jaugeant 12 000 tonneaux et doté de 35 pièces d'artillerie.

En septembre 1814, à peine terminé, ce bâtiment prend part à l'importante bataille navale de la baie de Plattsburgh. Capture par les Américains, le navire perd ses ancres ainsi que 15 de ses cannons qu'il calent rapidement un fond du Lac Champlain. L'une des ancres fut repêchée en 1996. Elle peut être admirée dans le grand hall de l'Hôtel de Ville de Plattsburgh.

La construction de navires continua durant l'année qui suivi la fin de la guerre. Au fil des années 1920, la garnison fut graduellement réduite en finalement, en 1834, le chantier naval de l'Île-aux-Noix ferme ses portes.

Entre 1819 et 1829, les Britanniques construisirent une imposante fortification munie de douves qu'ils renomment le Fort Lennox.
Details
HM NumberHM1JVA
Tags
Marker Number16
Placed ByQuébec Culture et Communications, Tourisme Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, April 2nd, 2015 at 1:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 636095 N 4998482
Decimal Degrees45.12670000, -73.26941667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 45° 7.602', W 73° 16.165'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds45° 7' 36.1200" N, 73° 16' 9.9000" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 155 60e Av, Île-aux-Noix Québec J0J 1G0, CA
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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