Protecting the Upper Town

Protecting the Upper Town (HM1JMV)

Location: Québec, Québec G1R 3S2 Communauté-Urbaine-de-Québec
Country: Canada

N 46° 48.859', W 71° 12.769'

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Inscription

Protéger la haute-ville

English:
The promontory on which Québec is perched offered a natural defense against attackers. But its west flank, which gave way to open countryside, was vulnerable. Enormous sums of money would be spent to protect this side of the town.

In 1690, Governor Frontenac hastily put up a front line of defence to protect the western flank from William Phip's British soldiers who sailed from Boston. This defense work was replaced by 1693, by a more elaborate fortification designed to withstand artillery fire.

The new fortification proved ineffective because it did not follow the uneven slope of the land. It was thus modified in 1712. The Dauphine Redoubt, located in Artillery Park, is one of the surviving parts of this new line of defence.
French:

Bien que le promontoire sur lequel repose Québec offre une protection naturelle contre les assaillants, la faiblesse en était le côté ouest, ouvert sur la campagne. D'énormes sommes seront investies pour protéger adéquatement ce côté de la ville.

Une première ligne de défense y est élevée à la hâte en 1690 par le gouverneur Frontenac pour se protéger des troupes anglaises de William Phips venues de Boston. Elle est démolie dès 1693 pour être remplacée par une fortification plus élaborée et conçue pour résister à l'artillerie.

Cette deuxième fortification, pue efficace car mal adaptée au relief inégal, est modifiée en 1712. La redoute Dauphine, située dans Parc de l'Artillerie, est l'un des éléments conservés de cette nouvelle ligne de défense.
Details
HM NumberHM1JMV
Tags
Placed ByParks Canada / Parcs Canada
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, March 18th, 2015 at 1:02pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)19T E 331190 N 5186907
Decimal Degrees46.81431667, -71.21281667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 46° 48.859', W 71° 12.769'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds46° 48' 51.54" N, 71° 12' 46.14" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling West
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 18-24 Rue Mcmahon, Québec Québec G1R 3S2, CA
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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