Fighting Back

Fighting Back (HM1JFN)

Location: Alexandria, VA 22314
Country: United States of America

N 38° 48.423', W 77° 3.802'

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Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail

— War of 1812 —

With Alexandria under British control in August 1814, top-ranking U.S. military men gathered at his high point above the city. President Madison conferred with Secretary of the Navy William Jones, Brigadier General John Hungerford, and U.S. Navy Captain David Porter, Jr. The men decided to harass the British ships as they withdrew down the Potomac.

"The town of Alexandria, with the exception of public works, shall not be destroyed, unless hostilities are commenced on the part of the Americans; nor shall the inhabitants be molested in any manner whatever, or their dwelling-houses entered, if the following articles are complied with." British Captain Gordon, in the introduction to his articles of capitulation.

A Scare
To save their town, the Alexandrians had promised not to challenge or attack the British. But a group of U.S. naval officers, unauthorized, assaulted a British soldier. Fearing retaliation, the city fathers rushed to apologize. Fortunately the British officers decided to dismiss the incident with a warning.

(sidebar)
In the summer of 1814 the United States had been at war with Great Britain for two years. Battlefronts had erupted from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico. On August 24, following their victory over the Americans at the Battle of Bladensburg, Maryland, British troops marched on Washington with devastating results.

The Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail reveals sites of War of 1812 in Washington, D.C., Virginia, and Maryland. Visit ChesapeakeExplorerApp.com or download the Chesapeake Explorer app.

(caption)
(lower center) Captain James Gordon Oil by Andrew Morton, National Maritime Museum, UK
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Details
HM NumberHM1JFN
Tags
Placed ByNational Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, March 6th, 2015 at 9:01am PST -08:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 320836 N 4297387
Decimal Degrees38.80705000, -77.06336667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 48.423', W 77° 3.802'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 48' 25.38" N, 77° 3' 48.12" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)202, 703, 571
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 2000-2030 VA-7, Alexandria VA 22314, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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