Quebec City Astronomical Observatory

Quebec City Astronomical Observatory (HM1J7Y)

Location: Québec, Québec Communauté-Urbaine-de-Québec
Country: Canada
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N 46° 48.055', W 71° 13.306'

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Observatoire Astronomique de Québec

English:
The Quebec City Astronomical Observatory was officially established at the Citadel in 1850 by the Department of Marine and Fisheries in order to give the exact time to sailors on the many ships anchored at the port. In 1864, an equatorial telescope was installed in a quadrangular tower specially built for that purpose on farmland located on the Plains of Abraham. The Observatory's director, Commander Edward David Ashe, set up an office in the farm building. A decade later, the Astronomical Observatory was move to the to the Plains of Abraham. A residence was built and the instruments were assembled in three annexes connected to the existing tower.
In the 20th century, as the means of communication developed. particularly radio, navigators favored observatories in Victoria and Ottawa, which broadcast across Canada, over the Quebec Observatory. In 1930, the Quebec City Observatory made meteorology its priority. The information gathered was used by airlines and for forest protection, road safety, and river and ocean navigation. In 1936, these services were transferred to a brand new weather station nearby, and the Astronomical Observatory buildings were demolished, making it easier to incorporate the site into the National Battlefields Park.

French:
L'observatoire astronomique de Québec est implanté officiellement à la Citadelle en 1850 par le département de la Marine et des Pêcheries afin de donner l'heure exacte aux marins et des nombreux navires que fréquent le port. En 1864, un télescope équatorial est installé dans une tour quadrangulaire spécialement construite à cette fin sur le terrain occupé par une ferme, sur les plaines d'Abraham. Le directeur de l'Observatoire, le commandant Edward David Ashe, improvise alors un bureau dans un des bâtiments de cette ferme. Dix ans plus tard, l'Observatoire astronomique déménage sur les plaines d'Abraham: une résidence est construite et les instruments sont regroupés dans trois annexes reliées à la tour précédemment érigée.
Au XXᵉ siècle, l'evolution des moyens de communication principalement de la radio, fait en sorte que les navigateurs délaissent l'Observatoire de Quebec au profit de ceux de Victoria ed d'Ottawa. qui diffusent dans tout le Canada. En 1930, pour l'Observatoire de Québec. la priorité devient météorologique plutôt qu'astronomique. Les renseignements recueillis serviront désormais a la protection forestière et à la sécurité routière, aux lignes aériennes ainsi qu'a la navigation fluviale et océanique. En 1936, ces services sont transférés non loin dans une toute nouvelle station météorologique, entraînant la démolition des bâtiments de l'Observatoire astronomique et facilitant l'intégration du site au par des Camps-de-Bataille.
Details
HM NumberHM1J7Y
Tags
Placed ByParks Canada Parcs & National Battlefields Commission / Commission des champs de bataille nationaux
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, February 19th, 2015 at 1:01pm PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)19T E 330465 N 5185437
Decimal Degrees46.80091667, -71.22176667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 46° 48.055', W 71° 13.306'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds46° 48' 3.3" N, 71° 13' 18.36" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling West
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Rue Garneau, Québec Québec , CA
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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