Grosse Île and Immigration to Canada

Grosse Île and Immigration to Canada (HM1J53)

Location: L'Isle-aux-Grues, Quebec G0R 1P0 Montmagny Regional County Municipality
Country: Canada

N 47° 1.236', W 70° 40.355'

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Inscription

Grosse-Île et l'immigration au Canada

English:
Grosse Île and the Irish Memorial National Historic Site commemorates the significant waves of immigration welcomed to Canada between the opening of the 19th century and the First World War. During this period Québec was Canada's chief port of entry, receiving more than four million immigrants. Deadly infectious diseases and a rudimentary scientific understanding of how they could be controlled required that, between 1832 and 1937, Grosse Île serve the vital function of a quarantine station protecting the public health. Priests, doctors, nurses and other staff often risked their own lives to welcome and care for the new arrivals. Grosse Île also serves as a memorial to the tragic events endured by Irish immigrants here, chiefly during the typhus epidemic of 1847, when nearly 100,000 people, the majority escaping the Great Famine then ravaging Ireland, set sail for Canada. More than five thousand ended their journey buried on this island.

French:
Le lieu historique national de la Grosse-Île-et-le-Mémorial-des-Irlandais rappelle l'importante immigration qu'accueillit le Canada, du début du XIXe siècle jusqu'à la Première Guerre mondiale. Durant cette période, le principal port d'entrée que constituait Québec reçut plus de quatre millions d'immigrants. Dans un contexte de maladies contagieuses mortelles et de connaissances scientifiques longtemps rudimentaires, la Grosse-Île se vit confier, à titre de station de quarantaine en opération de 1832 à 1937, la tâche vitale de préserver la santé publique. Nombre de prêtres, de médecins, d'infirmières et d'autres employés ont accueilli et soigné, quelquefois au péril de leur vie, les nouveaux arrivants. La Grosse-Île commémore aussi les événements tragiques vécus par les immigrants irlandais en ce lieu, principalement lors de l'épidémie de typhus de 1847. Cette année-là, près de 100 000 personnes, en majorité des immigrants tentant d'échapper à la Grande Famine qui sévissait alors en Irlande, mirent le cap sur le Canada. Plus de 5000 d'entre eux furent inhumés dans cette île.
Details
HM NumberHM1J53
Tags
Year Placed1998
Placed ByHistoric Sites and Monuments Board of Canada
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, February 12th, 2015 at 1:02pm PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)19T E 372891 N 5208810
Decimal Degrees47.02060000, -70.67258333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 47° 1.236', W 70° 40.355'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds47° 1' 14.1600" N, 70° 40' 21.3000" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 34 La Grosse-Île, L'Isle-aux-Grues Quebec G0R 1P0, CA
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