The Grand Dérangement

The Grand Dérangement (HM1IWQ)

Location: Rocky Point, Prince Edward Island C0A 1H2 Queens County
Country: Canada
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N 46° 11.94', W 63° 8.295'

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Ile Saint-Jean

English:
The Grand Dérangement


L'Acadie, established by France in 1604, was a strategically located and highly coveted colony. In 1713, it was handed over to England and renamed Nova Scotia. The foundation of Halifax, in 1749, led part of the Acadian population to move to French territory. The remaining Acadians were still perceived as a threat, and in 1755, the British authorities launched their systematic deportation, splitting up families and communities, seizing all lands and possessions.

This was the Grand Dérangement or Great Upheaval. Nearly 10,000 men, women, and children were piled into ships and deported to Anglo-American colonies, to England and to France. Others escaped the deportation, seeking refuge in French territory and forming a resistance. Over the next ten years, almost half of the Acadian nation was lost at sea or died from disease and famine. By 1765, a mere 1,600 survivors remained in Nova Scotia, their fertile land now occupied by settles from other areas.

Some Acadian families returned to their former but most never again set eyes on Acadie. Many took root in Quebec and France, while in Louisiana they gave rise to a new community that produced the rich Cajun culture. Yet, the Grand Dérangement was unable to wipe out the Acadian presence on its native soil. L'Acadie lives on in Atlantic Canada, speaking French and offering to the world its proud and dynamic culture.

Île Saint-Jean

The colony of Île Saint-Jean (Prince Edward Island) was founded by French and Acadian settlers in 1720. Starting in 1749, however, it was populated primarily by Acadians refugees from Nova Scotia fleeing deportation from the mainland in 1755.
After the fall of Louisbourg in 1758, Île Saint-Jean was handed over to the British, who proceeded to deport some 3,000 of its inhabitants to France. Nearly two thirds of the deportees died, either by drowning or by succumbing to disease during the crossing or in the months following their arrival. Among the survivors, many settled in France, while others returned to the Gulf of St. Lawrence region, or left for the Caribbean, but the majority emigrated to Louisiana in 1785.
Approximately 1,100 Islanders had escaped deportation in 1858, most of whom took refuge on the mainland. Over time, they put down roots in New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, The Gaspé Peninsula, The Magdalen Islands and in Miquelon. Some of them even reached Louisiana. However, a small group returned to the Island. Their descendants form the Acadian community which exists on Prince Edward Island today.

French:
Le Grand Dérangement


L'Acadie, fondée par la France en 1604 et convoitée pour sa situation stratégique, est cédée à l'Angleterre en 1713 et rebaptisée Nouvelle-Écosse. La fondation de Halifax, en 1749, entraîne l'exode d'une partie de la population acadienne vers les territories français. Les Acadiens qui restent son perçus comme un menace par les autorités britannique qui, en 1755, commençant leur expulsion systématique, fragmentant familles et communautés, confisquant terres et bien.


C'est la Grand Dérangement. Près de 10 000 hommes, femmes et enfants son entassés à bord de navires et déportes dans les colonies anglo-américaines, en Angleterre et en France. D'autres échappent aux déportations, fuyant en territoire français et formant une résistance. En dix ans, près de la moitié du peuple acadien périt en mer ou succombe à la maladie et à la famine. La Nouvelle-Écosse compte à peine 1 600 rescapés en 1765, leur terres fertiles désormais occupées par des colons venus d'ailleurs.


Certaines familles acadiennes reprendront le chemin du retour, mais le plupart ne reverront jamais l'Acadie. Plusieurs feront souche au Québec et en France, alors que la Louisiane sera le foyer d'une nouvelle communauté qui donnera naissance à la riche culture canadienne. Cependant, le Grand Dérangement n'aura pas réussi à effacer la présence acadienne de sa terre d'origine. Au Canada atlantique, l'Acadie est bien vivante, parle le français et propose au monde une culture fière et dynamique.

 
Île Saint-Jean



La colonie de L'île Saint-Jean (Île-du-Prince-Edouard) est fondée en 1720 par des colons de France et d'Acadie. Cependant, elle se peuple principalement par les réfugiés acadiens de la Nouvelle-Écosse a partier de 1749. L'île devient aussi un refuge pour des centaines d'Acadiens fumant la Déportation de 1755.

Suite à la chute de Louisbourg en 1758 l'ile Saint-Jean tombe aux mains des Britanniques qui procèdent à la déportation de quelque 3 000 habitants vers la France. Au cours de la traversée en dans les mois suivant leur arrivée les deux tiers meurent par noyade ou de maladie. Parmi les survivants, plusieurs s'installent en France, d'autres reviennent sur les côtes du golfe du Saint- Laurent; certains se rendent dans les Antilles, mais du plus grand nombre s'établit en Louisiane en 1785.


Environ 1 100 insulaires ont évite la déportation en 1758. La plupart se réfugie sur la terre ferme. Avec le temps, ils prennent racine au Nouveau-Brunswick, en Nouvelle-Écosse,en Gaspésie, aux en îles de la Madeleine et a Miquelon. Certains se rendent même en Louisiane. Un petit nombre, par contre, revient à l'île. Leurs descendants forment la communauté acadienne d'aujourd'hui.
Details
HM NumberHM1IWQ
Tags
Placed ByThe Arcadian Odyssey
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, January 22nd, 2015 at 9:02am PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)20T E 489333 N 5116167
Decimal Degrees46.19900000, -63.13825000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 46° 11.94', W 63° 8.295'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds46° 11' 56.4" N, 63° 8' 17.7" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling West
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 137-165 Cottage Rd, Rocky Point Prince Edward Island C0A 1H2, CA
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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