First Lighthouse

First Lighthouse (HM1IL8)

Location: Louisbourg, Nova Scotia B1C 1P4 Cape Breton Regional Municipality
Country: Canada

N 45° 54.395', W 59° 57.505'

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Inscription

Le premier phare

English:
Here are the ruins of Louisbourg's first light, the earliest to be erected in Canada and the second in North America. Lit in 1734, it was badly damaged in a fire two years later, then quickly repaired. The replacement lantern was designed to be fireproof, thick brick vaults, a lead-sheathed roof, and a water cooled oil lamp.
Until the siege of Louisbourg in 1758, this harbour was one of the busiest in the New World, with the lighthouse offering guidance to thousands of approaching mariners. The operating costs of the service, including the keeper's salary, were paid for from a toll levied on incoming vessels. After 1758, however, the lighthouse was probably no longer used. It is shown in ruins on a 1798 plan. When the present light was being constructed, during the 1920s, local historical enthusiasts lobbied to have the ruins preserved. In 1926 the Historic Site and Monuments Board of Canada unveiled the bronze plaque to your left.
French:
Voici les vestiges du premier phare de Louisbourg, qui était également le premier phare érigé au Canada et le deuxième en Amérique du Nord. Mis en service en 1734, il fut grandement endommagé par un incendie deux ans plus tard, mais rapidement remis en état. Cette lanterne de rechange avait été conçue pour résister au feu, grâce à sa voûte de briques, à son toit plombé et a un système de refroidissement hydraulique de la lampe à huile de morue.

Jusqu'au siege de 1758, le port de Louisbourg fut un des plus achalandés du Nouveau Monde. Le phare guidait l'approche de milliers de marins. Les frais de son exploitation, y compris le salaire du gardien, étaient recouvrés au moyen d'un droit imposé aux navires entrants. Après 1758, on cessa d'utiliser le phare. Un plan de 1798 en montre les ruines. Lors de la construction du phare actuel, dans les années 1920, des passionnés d'histoire locale firent pression sur les autorités pour qu'elles préservent ces ruines. En 1926, la Commission des lieux et monuments historiques du Canada a inauguré la plaque que vous voyez à votre gauche.
Details
HM NumberHM1IL8
Tags
Placed ByParks Canada
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, December 31st, 2014 at 1:01pm PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)21T E 270540 N 5087924
Decimal Degrees45.90658333, -59.95841667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 45° 54.395', W 59° 57.505'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds45° 54' 23.7" N, 59° 57' 30.3" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling West
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 555-573 Havenside Rd, Louisbourg Nova Scotia B1C 1P4, CA
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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