Wilhelmina Jakes And Carrie Patterson: Initiators of The Tallahassee Bus Boycott

Wilhelmina Jakes And Carrie Patterson: Initiators of The Tallahassee Bus Boycott (HM1IAV)

Location: Tallahassee, FL 32301 Leon County
Country: United States of America

N 30° 25.535', W 84° 17.142'

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On May 26, 1956, two Florida A&M University (FAMU) students, Wilhelmina Jakes and Carrie Patterson boarded a crowded Tallahassee city bus and sat in the only seats available, in the front next to a white female passenger. The bus driver ordered them to the back of the bus, but they refused. Outraged, the driver pulled the bus over and called the police. The two students were arrested and charged with "placing themselves in a position to incite a riot." The next night a cross was burned on their lawn. In response, FAMU students, led by SGA President Brodes Hartley, held a mass meeting and voted to stop riding city buses. This sparked the ten-month-long Tallahassee Bus Boycott, the second major successful economic protest of the Civil Rights Movement. Other citizens embraced the boycott. Local religious leaders and community members founded the Inter-Civic Council (ICC) and elected Rev. C.K. Steele, pastor of Bethel Missionary Baptist Church, as president. The ICC expanded the boycott, which ended in March 1957. Months of defiant walking, carpooling and legal battles and the fortitude of Jakes, Patterson and other FAMU Freedom Fighters, helped sustain America's promise of equal rights and justice for all citizens.
A Florida Heritage Site
Marker NumberF-614
Year Placed2007
Placed ByFlorida A&M University and the Florida Department of State,
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, December 10th, 2014 at 5:06pm PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16R E 760711 N 3369073
Decimal Degrees30.42558333, -84.28570000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 30° 25.535', W 84° 17.142'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds30° 25' 32.1" N, 84° 17' 8.52" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)850
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1720-1800 S Martin Luther King Jr Blvd, Tallahassee FL 32301, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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