Union Square and its Uses / The Question of Ownership

Union Square and its Uses / The Question of Ownership (HM1HM2)

Location: Bellaire, OH 43906 Belmont County
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Country: United States of America
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N 40° 1.007', W 80° 44.529'

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Inscription
Side 1
Union Square and Its Uses
Labeled "Union Square" on the first village maps, block 12 of the City of Bellaire was formed by joining portions of the Harris and Rodefer Farms in 1857. Used for tent shows, circuses, political meetings, and playing baseball, the land during the Civil War was used as a canteen for feeding Union recruits from nearby Camp Jefferson. Stonemasons cut sandstone blocks here that make up "Great Stone Viaduct" railroad bridge. A steam derrick and stable for horses that helped to move the sandstone to the bridge's construction site were also placed temporarily on this land. In 1882, a monument was erected to honor Civil War veterans as "Union Square" became a city park. Former President Theodore Roosevelt delivered a speech here to the citizens of Bellaire in 1912.

Side 2
The Question of Ownership
This square is a "union," or joining of portions of the Rodefer Farm on the north and the Harris Farm on the south. Colonel John H. Sullivan and Mr. John Heaton were the principal proprietors of these farms and set aside this parcel to entice the county seat to move here in 1857. The seat remained in St. Clairsville and the square remained unoccupied. During the next 15 years title to the square became clouded as its value appreciated. The city government claimed the land after Bellaire was incorporated in 1860, contrary to Sullivan and Heaton's claims. When Sullivan placed lumber here in March 1872 and announced his intention to construct a building, the city ordered the materials removed. Sullivan and Heaton sued and the case was eventually heard by the Ohio Supreme Court. The Court decided in January 1880 that the square was public land, from which the city created this beautiful park.
Details
HM NumberHM1HM2
Tags
Marker Number15-7
Year Placed2010
Placed ByVillage of Bellaire, Ohio and The Ohio Historical Society
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, November 2nd, 2014 at 11:12pm PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17T E 522004 N 4429651
Decimal Degrees40.01678333, -80.74215000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 40° 1.007', W 80° 44.529'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds40° 1' 0.42" N, 80° 44' 31.74" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)740
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 3449-3499 Belmont St, Bellaire OH 43906, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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