Three Rivers Heritage Trail

Three Rivers Heritage Trail (HM1GJZ)

Location: Pittsburgh, PA 15212 Allegheny County
Country: United States of America

N 40° 26.72', W 80° 1.089'

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Inscription

Firsts in the World from Pittsburgh.
For two centuries Western Pennsylvania has been a cradle of invention in industry and technology in many fields, from medicine to manufacturing. The unique topography of hills and valleys required innovation in bridge-building and the transportation industry. The busy workshops and mills produced business entrepreneurs, engineers and inventors. Pittsburgh's growing population of laborers triggered firsts in hospital care, new educational programs, types of entertainment, and free public libraries. The heritage continues today in many forms, from educational programs such as Mister Roger's Neighborhood, to organ transplants, to bioengineering research and to designing the comunications network for computers.



Transportation


? Steamboat, New Orleans. First to navigate western waters, 1811

? Suspension Bridge. First successful wire cable bridge, built by John A. Roebling, 1845

? Air Brake. First used for a train, by George Westinghouse, 1869

? First automobile road map, provided by Gulf Oil, 1914

? First atomic engine. Built by Westinghouse Electric for submarine U.S.S. Nautilus, 1954.



Entertainment.


? First Ferris Wheel. Invented by George Ferris, 1892/3

? First World Series in baseball. Pirates and Cubs, 1903

? First motion picture theater. Nickelodeon opened on Smithfield Street, 1905

? First professionally-paid football player. William Heffelfinger, 1892



Ferris Wheel invented in Pittsburgh by George Ferris. The Ferris Wheel astonished the world at the Columbian Exhibition in Chicago in 1893 by carrying up to 2,000 people.



Industry.


? Petroleum refining. Distilling process for petroleum, 1853/4

? First labor union. American Federation of Labor, 1881

? Aluminum. Produced commercially, by forerunners of ALCOA, 1889

? First aluminum-faced skyscraper, ALCOA building, 1953



Mister Rogers.

The Pittsburgh star of the longest running program on public television. Family Communications, WQED.



Health.


? First federal hospital in America. Hand Hospital in Allegheny City, 1778

? Polio vaccine. Developed by Jonas Salk and staff at University of Pittsburgh, 1953

? Organ transplants. First heart, liver and kidney transplant in one operation at Presbyterian University Hospital, 1989



Communications


? Printing. First printing press to use a continuous roll of paper, 1863

? Carnegie Libraries. Free to the public, first in Braddock, PA, 1889

? First phonograph records regularly broadcast, from private garage in the East End, 1919

? First commercial radio station, KDKA, 1920

? First community supported public television station in the United States, WQED, 1954

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Details
HM NumberHM1GJZ
Tags
Placed ByPA Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, Steel Industry Heritage Corporation, City of Pittsburgh Mayor Tom Murphy, The Friends of the Riverfront
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, September 13th, 2014 at 6:37pm PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17T E 583264 N 4477649
Decimal Degrees40.44533333, -80.01815000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 40° 26.72', W 80° 1.089'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds40° 26' 43.2" N, 80° 1' 5.34" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)412
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 481 Three Rivers Heritage Trail System, Pittsburgh PA 15212, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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