Tullahoma Campaign

Tullahoma Campaign (HM1FB5)

Location: Tullahoma, TN 37388 Coffee County
Country: United States of America

N 35° 21.41', W 86° 12.442'

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Inscription

June 24-July 4, 1863

— Anatomy of a Campaign —

In late June of 1863, Union Major General William S. Rosecrans launched a massive offensive from his base in Murfreesboro in an attempt to drive Confederate General Braxton Bragg 43,000-man Army of Tennessee from its entrenchments at Shelbyville and Wartrace, and possibly out of the state. The Union commander planned to capture Chattanooga and, in his words, "rescue loyal East Tennessee from the hands of the rebels." The campaign was bold and swift, with relatively few engagements. By July 4th, the Union Army of the Cumberland, 70,000 strong, had forced a Confederate retreat to Chattanooga, leaving nearly all of Tennessee in Union hands.



Advance to Manchester

To maneuver Bragg out of his Shelbyville trenches, Rosecrans divided his army into four independent columns.



The first column, under Major General Gordon Granger, advanced south from Murfreesboro, down what is today US 231, to threaten the main Confederate infantry at Shelbyville. The second, led by Major General Alexander McCook, moved south, through Liberty Gap. The third column, lead by Major General George Thomas, marched southeast, down the Manchester Pike (US 41), the main road to Chattanooga. A fourth column, commanded by Major General Thomas L. Crittenden, advanced due east along the McMinnville Turnpike (US 70) before turning south to cross the Highland Rim below Bradyville, at Gillie Gap.



Rosecran's goal was to get the bulk of his army to Manchester, then push on to here, Tullahoma. Bragg would then be forced to retreat or fight a battle on ground of Rosecran's choosing. Only rain and the poor conditions of the roads slowed the Union advance. By the evening of June 27, the Union held Shelbyville and Manchester. Bragg's army narrowly escaped to take up positions around Tullahoma.



(captions)

(upper right) Confederate General Braxton Bragg; Union Major General William S. Rosecrans

(left) Granger; McCook; Thomas; Crittenden



(Timeline)

1860 Lincoln Elected Nov 6 ? South Carolina Secedes December 20



1861 Fort Sumter Attacked April 12 ? First Manassas July 21



1862 Shiloh April 1-7 ? Second Manassas August 29-30 ? Antietam September 11 ? Fredericksburg December 13 ? Stones River December 31-January 3



1863 Chancellorsville May 1-4 ? Vicksburg May 20-July 4 ? Tullahoma Campaign June 24-July 4 ? Gettysburg July 1-3 ? Chickamauga September 19-20 ? Chattanooga November 23-25



1864 Cold Harbor June 3 ? Atlanta September 2 ? Franklin November 30 ? Nashville December 15-16



1865 Petersburg April 2 ? Lee Surrenders April 9 ? Johnston Surrenders April 16 ? Forrest Surrenders May 9
Details
HM NumberHM1FB5
Tags
Placed ByTennessee's Backroads Heritage
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, September 3rd, 2014 at 8:18am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 572014 N 3912903
Decimal Degrees35.35683333, -86.20736667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 35° 21.41', W 86° 12.442'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds35° 21' 24.6" N, 86° 12' 26.52" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)931
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 498 US-41A, Tullahoma TN 37388, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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