The War of 1812/Capture of the Dolphin

The War of 1812/Capture of the Dolphin (HM1F29)

Location: White Stone, VA 22578 Lancaster County
Country: United States of America

N 37° 38.285', W 76° 24.541'

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Inscription
The War of 1812
Impressment of Americans into British service and the violation of American ships were among the causes of America's War of 1812 with the British which lasted until 1815. Virginians suffered from a British naval blockade of the Chesapeake Bay and from British troops plundering the countryside by the Bay and along the James, Rapahannock, and Potomac Rivers. That Virginia militia deflected a British attempt to take Norfolk in 1813, and engaged British forces throughout the war. By the end of the war, more than 2000 enslaved African Americans in Virginia and gained their freedom aboard British ships.
Capture of the Dolphin
On 3 April 1813, one of the largest naval engagements in Virginia waters during the War of 1812 took place at the mouth of the Corrotoman River. One hundred five British naval and marine forces under Lt. Polkinghorne managed to subdue four American privateers: Arab, Dolphin, Lynx, and Racer. The largest ship, Dolphin, out of Baltimore, had twelve guns and one hundred men commanded by Capt. W.J. Stafford. Stafford stubbornly refused to give up when the other ships were taken, and defended his ship until he was severely wounded and his ship boarded.
Details
HM NumberHM1F29
Tags
Marker NumberJ-107_MARKER
Year Placed2013
Placed ByDepartment of Historic Resources
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, September 18th, 2014 at 4:46pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 375683 N 4166594
Decimal Degrees37.63808333, -76.40901667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 38.285', W 76° 24.541'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 38' 17.10" N, 76° 24' 32.46" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)804
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 20945 Mary Ball Rd, White Stone VA 22578, US
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