Travellers Rest

Travellers Rest (HM1EV4)

Location: Nashville, TN 37220 Davidson County
Country: United States of America

N 36° 4.576', W 86° 45.885'

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Inscription

"The proudest moment of my life"

— Hood's Campaign —

In September 1864, after Union Gen. William T. Sherman defeated Confederate Gen. John Bell Hood at Atlanta, Hood led the Army of Tennessee northwest against Sherman's supply lines. Rather than contest Sherman's "March to the Sea," Hood moved north into Tennessee. Gen. John M. Schofield, detached from Sherman's army, delayed Hood at Columbia and Spring Hill before falling back to Franklin. The bloodbath here on November 30 crippled the Confederates, but they followed Schofield to the outskirts of Nashville and Union Gen. George H. Thomas's strong defenses. Hood's campaign ended when Thomas crushed his army on December 15-16.

(main text)
On December 2, 1864, two days after the bloody Battle of Franklin, Confederate Gen. John Bell Hood established his headquarters here at Travellers Rest, the home of John Overton, a prominent planter and businessman, and his wife, Harriet Overton. Hood and his staff established themselves in the house and in tents around the grounds.

During the two weeks leading up to the Battle of Nashville, Hood's subordinates met with him here, where the Overton family entertained Gens. Nathan Bedford Forrest, Stephen D. Lee, Benjamin F. Cheatham, Alexander P. Stewart and others. Harriet Overton later recalled an occasion when seven Confederate generals were seated at her dining room table as "the proudest moment of my life." Hood remained at the house until December 15, the first day of the Battle of Nashville.

On December 16, heavy fighting raged at Peach Orchard Hill, then located on the farm about 600 yards to the northwest. A failed Union assault against heavy Confederate defenses resulted in about 1,000 U.S. casualties, or a third of the Union losses in the entire battle. Some of the heaviest casualties occurred among several regiments of U.S. Colored Troops, most of them former slaves, who performed with extreme bravery under fire. The 13th USCT lost 221 men out of 470. Despite the Federal casualties, Hood was defeated later that day, ending the Battle of Nashville.

(captions)
(lower left) John Overton and Harriet Overton Courtesy Travellers Rest Plantation
(upper right) Gen. John Bell Hood Courtesy Library of Congress
(lower right) Travellers Rest, ca. 1884 Courtesy U.S. Army Heritage and Education Collection, Carlisle Barracks
Details
HM NumberHM1EV4
Series This marker is part of the Tennessee: Tennessee Civil War Trails series
Tags
Placed ByTennessee Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 1st, 2014 at 10:19am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 521182 N 3992433
Decimal Degrees36.07626667, -86.76475000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 36° 4.576', W 86° 45.885'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds36° 4' 34.56" N, 86° 45' 53.10" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)615
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 636 Farrell Pkwy, Nashville TN 37220, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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