Cataract Falls

Cataract Falls (HM1EQD)

Location: Spencer, IN 47460 Owen County
Country: United States of America

N 39° 26.085', W 86° 48.832'

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Inscription
Cataract Falls are the result of oceans and ice.
The limestone outcroppings that form Cataract Falls formed millions of years ago when this region was covered by a large shallow ocean.

Layers of calcium-rich materials fell to the ocean floor.
As layers accumulated, their weight pressed down, creating limestone.
More recently, glaciers extended south into the Cataract Falls area. Ice blocked the natural drainage of Mill Creek, creating a large lake. The limestone bedrock became buried under lake sediments.
Once the glaciers receded north, the lake drained and Mill Creek carved its path across the dry lake bottom.
It cut through the soil deposits until it encountered two limestone ridges. These would become the Upper and Lower Cataract Falls.

Cataract Falls carries the largest volume of water of any falls in Indiana. The upper falls is 20 feet high. The lower falls are 18 feet high.
Details
HM NumberHM1EQD
Tags
Placed ByIndiana Department of Natural Resources
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, October 20th, 2014 at 3:37am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 516018 N 4365039
Decimal Degrees39.43475000, -86.81386667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 26.085', W 86° 48.832'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 26' 5.10" N, 86° 48' 49.92" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)812, 765
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 10015 Holiday Hill Dr, Spencer IN 47460, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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