John Smith Explores the Chesapeake

John Smith Explores the Chesapeake (HM1ELB)

Location: Richmond, VA 23231
Country: United States of America

N 37° 22.579', W 77° 21.583'

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Inscription

Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail

Captain John Smith explored the Chesapeake Bay in the early 1600s seeking precious metals and a passage to Asia. He traveled the James, Chickahominy, and York rivers in 1607, and led two major expeditions from Jamestown in 1608. Smith and his crew sailed and rowed a primitive 30-foot boat nearly 3,000 miles, reaching as far north as the Susquehanna River.

Although Smith did not discover gold, or a river passage to the Pacific, his precise map and detailed observations of American Indian societies and the abundant natural resources guided future explorers and settlers.

An Abundance of Life
Smith discovered a treasure trove of natural wonders in the Chesapeake region: thick forests of giant pines, oaks and hickories; vast marshlands; huge turtles, 800-pound sturgeon, and great schools of shad and striped bass. Massive flocks of ducks, geese, and swans darkened the sky; and enormous oyster reefs rose above the water's surface.

Native Inhabitants
At the time of Smith's exploration, an estimated 50,000 American Indians dwelled in the Chesapeake region—as their ancestors had for thousands of years. Their sophisticated societies included arts and architecture, systems of government, extensive trade and communication networks, and shared spiritual beliefs. The native peoples hunted, fished, grew crops, and gathered food and raw materials from the land and waterways.
Details
HM NumberHM1ELB
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Placed ByNational Park Service
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, October 18th, 2014 at 7:08am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 291065 N 4139232
Decimal Degrees37.37631667, -77.35971667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 22.579', W 77° 21.583'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 22' 34.74" N, 77° 21' 34.98" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)804
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 111 Henricus Park Rd, Richmond VA 23231, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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