K?lia Fishponds

K?lia Fishponds (HM1DYV)

Location: Honolulu, HI 96815 Honolulu County
Country: United States of America

N 21° 16.885', W 157° 50.004'

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Inscription

Diamond Head from Waikiki Annex Pond

— Waikiki Historic Trail —

Had you walked across this road in 1897 you might have landed in Waikĩkĩ's largest fishpond, the Ka'ihikapu, which measured 13 acres. All of today's Fort DeRussy on the mauka (toward the mountain) side of the road was covered with fishponds. There were actually hundreds of fishponds in Waikĩkĩ. The fishponds were controlled by the chiefs, but maintained by the commoners. The fish grown in the ponds were mostly ?ama'ama (or mullet) and awa (milkfish), both of which adapted well to brackish water. When the ponds were well cared for, the fish fattened quickly. The ponds functioned as "royal iceboxes" with readily available food for quests, especially the unexpected.

Ancient Hawaiians believed their fishponds were inhabited by mo'o deities who were sometimes described as creatures with terrifying black bodies, 12 to 30 feet in length. Hawaiians believed these creatures were the guardian spirits of fish ponds, who not only protected the caretakers but punished those who abused their responsibilities. The reclamation of Waikĩkĩ began here in K?lia when the U.S. military acquired 72 acres of land and started draining it in 1908 to build Fort DeRussy. It took over 250,000 cubic yards of sand and coral dredged from various O'ahu areas continuously over the course of a year to cover Ka'ihikapua and its sister ponds in K?lia. The Hale Koa Hotel is used exclusively for U.S. military personnel and their dependents.
Details
HM NumberHM1DYV
Tags
Marker Number15
Placed ByVision Team of Kaphula, Diamond Head, and Waikiki
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, October 6th, 2014 at 12:57am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)4Q E 621020 N 2353740
Decimal Degrees21.28141667, -157.83340000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 21° 16.885', W 157° 50.004'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds21° 16' 53.10" N, 157° 50' 0.24" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)808
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 2072-2128 Kalia Rd, Honolulu HI 96815, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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