Nez Perce

Nez Perce (HM1D0A)

Location: Enterprise, OR 97828 Wallowa County
Country: United States of America

N 45° 25.398', W 117° 17.831'

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Oregon History

Wallowa Valley, summer homeland of the Joseph Band Nez Perce, was part of the expansive Nez Perce Reservation established by the treaty of 1855. Upon discovery of gold in the region, the U.S. eliminated the reservation in the Wallowas in 1863. The Joseph Band held on until 1877 when, under pressure from increasing white settlement, they were ordered to abandon their ancestral homeland. Violent conflict ensued as the Joseph Band joined other Nez Perce and Palouse bands on a historic 1,170 mile retreat. After five months of elusive flight, with his people exhausted, freezing and heavily outnumbered, Joseph in dignified surrender proclaimed: "From where the sun now stands I will fight no more forever." With promises made by the generals at their surrender broken, the Nez Perce were never allowed to return home though Chief Joseph pleaded their case until his death in 1904.
HM NumberHM1D0A
Placed ByState of Oregon
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, October 21st, 2014 at 12:37am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)11T E 476750 N 5030018
Decimal Degrees45.42330000, -117.29718333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 45° 25.398', W 117° 17.831'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds45° 25' 23.88" N, 117° 17' 49.86" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)541
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 88401 OR-82, Enterprise OR 97828, US
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