Summers Hotel & Subway Lounge

Summers Hotel & Subway Lounge (HM1CU6)

Location: Jackson, MS 39203 Hinds County
Country: United States of America

N 32° 17.995', W 90° 11.797'

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Mississippi Blues Trail Marker

During the era of segregation, traveling African Americans had few options for lodging. In Jackson, many black musicians stayed at the Summers Hotel, established in 1944 by W.J. Summers. In 1966 Summers opened a club in the hotel basement that he called the Subway Lounge. The Subway was a regular jazz venue and offered popular late night blues shows from the mid-1980s until the hotel's demolition in 2004.

During the segregated 1940s, '50s, and '60s, the two main Jackson hotels open to African Americans were the Edward Lee Hotel on Church Street and the Summers Hotel. The Summers Hotel, originally the Maples, a rooming house for whites, stood here at 619 W. Pearl Street. The building was remodeled and renamed the Summers Hotel in 1943 after its purchase by W. J. Summers (1897-1977), a prominent African American businessman, who ran the hotel with his wife Elma. The hotel was popular among touring musicians, including James Brown, Hank Ballard, and Nat "King" Cole.

In 1966 Summers enlisted Jimmy King—vocalist, bandleader, and high school teacher—to run a newly constructed basement lounge, which King dubbed the Subway. In the '60s and '70s the Subway Lounge featured mostly jazz performers, including King, brothers Kermit, Jr., Sherrill, and Bernard Holly, and organist Levon Mitchell, as well as various touring or area groups.

In 1969 King left the Subway to start his own club but returned in 1986, when he and his wife Helen revived it as a late-night blues venue, with music starting at midnight. Guitarist Jesse Robinson led the initial house band, the Knee Deep Band, which was followed by the House Rockers, fronted by singers Levon Lindsey and Abdul Rasheed, and the King Edward (Antoine) Blues Band. Knee Deep Band vocalist Walter Lee "Big Daddy" Hood was billed as "500 Pounds of Blues." Other Jackson artists who performed at the Subway included Eddie Cotton, Jr., Bobby Rush, Patrice Moncell, Eddie Rasberry, Sam Myers, J. T. Watkins, Pat Brown, Dennis Fountain, Dwight Ross, Greg "Fingers" Taylor, Thomas "Snake" Johnson, Vasti Jackson, Bill Sampson, and the Juvenators.

In April 2002 director Robert Mugge filmed performances at the Subway Lounge for the documentary Last of the Mississippi Jukes, which was released in early 2003. The documentary addressed the Subway's history and its diverse clientele, as well as efforts to save the club despite the building's serious structural problems. The efforts failed, and the Subway closed following a final performance in April 2003. The building was demolished in 2004.
HM NumberHM1CU6
Series This marker is part of the Mississippi Blues Trail series
Year Placed2009
Placed ByMississippi Blues Commission
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, October 1st, 2014 at 6:25am PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15S E 763974 N 3577132
Decimal Degrees32.29991667, -90.19661667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 32° 17.995', W 90° 11.797'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds32° 17' 59.70" N, 90° 11' 47.82" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)601
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 601-609 W Pearl St, Jackson MS 39203, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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