Pony Express Route

Pony Express Route (HM1BJR)

Location: Fallon, NV 89406 Churchill County
Country: United States of America

N 39° 17.595', W 118° 34.431'

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Inscription

1860 - Sesquicentennial - 2010

One hundred and fifty years ago, the Pony Express was founded by W. H. Russell, Alexander Majors and William B. Waddell, operators of the Overland Stage Line of Leavenworth, Kansas. During a visit to Washington, Mr. Russell was urged by California Senator William Gwin to expand the Overland Stage operation to facilitate faster mail service. Mr. Russell's partners hesitated due to the projected high costs; he persevered and the first ride began on April 3, 1860.

Overland stagecoach stations were located every 10-12 miles as far as Salt Lake City. Eighty skilled and experienced riders, 400 horses and approximately one hundred-eighty-four stations were built in two months. There were thirty stations across Nevada from Utah to Genoa at the eastern base of the Sierra. The swift riders carried the mail 2,000 miles in 10 days from St. Joseph, Missouri to Sacramento, California. The "Pony" improved nationwide communication, western expansion and was credited with California's continued participation in the Union at the beginning of the Civil War.

A high price was paid for the improved communication, including the cost to post a letter and the trials of the employees during the ride. The cost of mailing a letter as advertised was not economical, "letters less than 1/4 oz cost $5.00 and so on." The riders, station masters and division agents faced hostile environments including poor housing, extreme heat and cold, poor access to potable water, food and dangers due to the conflicts between Native Americans and the newcomers to the west.

On October 24, 1861, the telegraph was born and the last ride was completed. What had taken ten days could be achieved in ten seconds thus ending the Pony Express. But the memory of the riders and the route live on.
Details
HM NumberHM1BJR
Series This marker is part of the Pony Express National Historic Trail series
Tags
Marker Number271
Year Placed2011
Placed ByNevada State Historic Preservation Office, Department of Cultural Affairs, Nevada Bureau of Land Management, National Pony Express Association, Inc. Nevada Division, Enel Green Power North America, Inc
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, September 11th, 2014 at 1:46pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)11S E 364278 N 4350500
Decimal Degrees39.29325000, -118.57385000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 17.595', W 118° 34.431'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 17' 35.70" N, 118° 34' 25.86" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)775
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 5 Unnamed Road, Fallon NV 89406, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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