Battle of Germantown

Battle of Germantown (HM1B3E)

Location: Philadelphia, PA 19144 Philadelphia County
Country: United States of America

N 40° 1.765', W 75° 11.462'

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The Revolution in the Wissahickon

— 1777 —

To retake recently occupied Philadelphia, American Commander-in-Chief, General George Washington, ordered a surprise four-prong attack on the British forces encamped in Germantown. Assigned the defense of the Wissahickon Valley, German mercenary troops, collectively called Hessians, erected two miles of fortifications. Washington's orders for the Wissahickon attack were to "get upon the Enemy's left and Rear" while "every Officer and Soldier to have a piece of White paper in their Hatt" for identification. According to General Armstrong, for three hours the two combatant forces continually "cannonaded from the heights on each side of the Wissihickon, whilst the Riflemen on opposite sides acted on lower ground" until the American troops retreated in an orderly fashion.

The American assault within the Wissahickon consisted of primarily Pennsylvania Militia commanded by their State General John Armstrong. He reported, "I thought we had a Victory, but to my great disappointment, soon found our army were gone an hour or two before, & we the last on the ground."
HM NumberHM1B3E
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 8th, 2014 at 4:19pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 483700 N 4431039
Decimal Degrees40.02941667, -75.19103333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 40° 1.765', W 75° 11.462'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds40° 1' 45.90" N, 75° 11' 27.72" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)215, 610, 267
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 2601-2797 Rittenhousetown Ln, Philadelphia PA 19144, US
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