Civil War In Charlotte

Civil War In Charlotte (HM1B13)

Location: Charlotte, TN 37036 Dickson County
Country: United States of America

N 36° 10.697', W 87° 20.354'

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Inscription

"Marauding gangs of Freebooters"

In 1860, 300 people lived in Charlotte, the Dickson County seat. During the war, the residents witnessed considerable military activity, beginning February 17, 1862, when Confederate Col. Nathan Bedford Forrest, arrived here to reequip his men and horses after escaping the surrender of Fort Donelson.

Late in 1862 and early in 1863, local guerillas used Charlotte as a base. Col. Thomas G. Woodward's band of partisans and Gen. Joseph Wheeler's Confederate cavalry raided the Union transportation center at Harpeth River Shoals on the Cumberland River, 6 miles northeast. In 1863 and 1864, Federal forces built the Nashville and Northeastern Railroad from Nashville to the Tennessee River. Charlotte served as a recruiting and staging area for attacks against these critical Union supply routes.

Attempting to disrupt the guerilla networks here, elements of the 12th Tennessee Cavalry (US) occupied the town in 1863-1864. Maj. John Kirwine commandeered the Cumberland Presbyterian Church as a hospital, took over public buildings, and made his headquarters in the county courthouse. To destroy the civilian population's support of the Confederate guerrillas and to secure the Union transportation routes, the Federals declared martial law, arrested citizens suspected of supplying Confederates, destroyed crops, and confiscated livestock. In October 1863, Military Governor Andrew Johnson authorized the creation of "Union Guards" in Dickson County to stop "marauding gangs of Freebooters." These actions combined with frequent patrols of the country side eventually rendered the guerrillas and their attacks on railroad and river traffic ineffectual.

After the Federal occupation ended, Union troops still frequently moved through the area and no more large-scale guerilla attacks originated in Charlotte.

(captions)
Collier Store Courtesy MaryBaxter Cook
Cumberland Presbyterian Church Courtesy Ragan Family Collection
Dickson County Courthouse Courtesy Ragan Family Collection.
Vorrhies House Courtesy David Stansberry
Details
HM NumberHM1B13
Series This marker is part of the Tennessee: Tennessee Civil War Trails series
Tags
Placed ByTennessee Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, September 13th, 2014 at 11:16pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 469494 N 4003776
Decimal Degrees36.17828333, -87.33923333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 36° 10.697', W 87° 20.354'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds36° 10' 41.82" N, 87° 20' 21.24" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)615
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 21 Court Square, Charlotte TN 37036, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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