(Castanea dentata)Split Rail fences were used by early pioneer families to fence in their livestock, to protect their crops from their farm animals, and to mark boundary lines. The fences were constructed out of timber logs which were split into rails. Most split rail fences have the rails stacked in an interlocking zig-zag fashion that is self supporting; easy to create and to repair. The fence could be easily disassembled it if needed to be moved or the wood was needed for other purposes. During the Civil War split rail fences were a major source of firewood for both the Union and Confederate forces and sometimes were used as a rudimentary fortification. Split rail fences were made of easy to split, rot resistant wood. The American Chestnut was the traditional timber of choice until chestnut blight eliminated this tree from American forests. A fungus, which attacked the trees, was accidently introduced into North America around 1900 on imported Asiatic chestnut trees. The blight was first discovered in New York around 1904 and spread about 50 miles a year. Within a few decades it had killed up to three billion American Chestnut trees. Before the blight about 25 percent of the trees in the Appalachian Mountains were American Chestnut.
|Placed By||Veterans Memorial Park Foundation of Abington/Washington County, Virginia, Inc|
|Marker Condition||No reports yet|
|Date Added||Sunday, September 21st, 2014 at 5:40pm PDT -07:00|
|UTM (WGS84 Datum)||17S E 412822 N 4062761|
|Decimal Degrees||36.70653333, -81.97603333|
|Degrees and Decimal Minutes||N 36° 42.392', W 81° 58.562'|
|Degrees, Minutes and Seconds||36° 42' 23.52" N, 81° 58' 33.72" W|
|Driving Directions||Google Maps|
|Closest Postal Address||At or near 400 Cummings St, Abingdon VA 24210, US|
|Alternative Maps||Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap|
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