Speedy Riders

Speedy Riders (HM19OV)

Location: Ely, NV 89301 White Pine County
Country: United States of America

N 39° 47.845', W 114° 44.447'

  • 0 likes
  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites
  • 256 views
Inscription
The first teams of Pony Express riders amazed the nation by accomplishing their east and west bound deliveries within the projected 10 day schedule. The speed of the riders even had a role in swaying a divided California to stay with the union during the American Civil War. News of President Abraham Lincoln's inauguration address was delivered in record-setting time—a mere seven and one-half days.

On a typical run, Pony Express riders changed horses at "relay stations" located every 12-15 miles. At "home stations," spaced about every 75-100 miles, a fresh rider and mount would continue the run to the next relay station.

With speed however, came limits. Each express rider had a carrying capacity of about 10 pounds. The payload was limited to what could fit into the four pockets of the "mochila."

High demand for such limited capacity, combined with the monumental express of funding the system made Pony Express rates extremely high: initially $5.00 per half ounce, or $1,000 per ounce in 2002 dollars. Consequently, other than the military and the U.S. Government, only major newspapers and other well-capitalized businesses and individuals could afford the service.

The Mochila

The mochila, a leather apron that slipped over the rider's saddle, was the most important piece of his gear. It had four small, lockable pouches that securely held the mail as the horse galloped toward the next station.

The saddles used by Express riders were custom made to be lighter and more streamlined, allowing the mochila to be easily removed from one saddle and tossed over the horn and seat of the saddle on the next horse.

Saddles made by Israel Landis typically were lighter and more comfortable for both horse and rider.

Israel Landis, saddle maker 1840-1900, St. Joseph, Missouri

(Drawing Caption)
"Changing Horses at the Station" Artist, William Henry Jackson. Courtesy of the Howard R. Driggs Collection, Gerald R. Sherratt Library, Southern Utah University.
Details
HM NumberHM19OV
Series This marker is part of the Pony Express National Historic Trail series
Tags
Placed ByNational Pony Express Association, Bureau of Land Management, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, October 15th, 2014 at 6:41pm PDT -07:00
Pictures
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)11S E 693423 N 4407714
Decimal Degrees39.79741667, -114.74078333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 47.845', W 114° 44.447'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 47' 50.70" N, 114° 44' 26.82" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)775
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1 White Pine County Rd 18, Ely NV 89301, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Nearby Markersshow on map
Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. What historical period does the marker represent?
  2. What historical place does the marker represent?
  3. What type of marker is it?
  4. What class is the marker?
  5. What style is the marker?
  6. Does the marker have a number?
  7. What year was the marker erected?
  8. This marker needs at least one picture.
  9. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  10. Is the marker in the median?