Erected in 1833, the President's House served as the home of Professor Samuel S. Schmucker during his long tenure at the Seminary. Runaway slaves reportedly received aid and temporary shelter in a nearby barn before they continued on their journey farther north. Schmucker wrote and preached against slavery:
"God has of one blood created all nations to dwell on the face of the earth, has endowed them all with certain unalienable rights and obligations, such as life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. All who fail to labor for the extinction of slavery, are guilty of sin." When Confederate troops marched towards Pennsylvania in June 1863, Schmucker learned that the approaching Southerners planned to arrest him. He suspended classes and fled to York, Pennsylvania. Upon returning to his home after the battle, he received a great shock. "The house I occupy was most damaged," reported Samuel, "Thirteen cannon balls or shells pierced the walls...and everything...in my house, broken open by the rebels, and the contents scattered promiscuously with my books, papers, letters, etc."
Some evidence remains. Note the artillery projectile embedded in the south wall of the house directly in front of you.