Battle of the Wilderness

Battle of the Wilderness (HM18DO)

Location: Locust Grove, VA 22508 Orange County
Country: United States of America

N 38° 20.2', W 77° 45.062'

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Inscription

May 5th, 1864

1st NC Cavalry and Ewell's lead infantry regiments fought Sedgwick's three divisions throughout Lake of the Woods Golf Course.

Regiments from Nine States in Lake of the Woods
May 5, 1864

Union Infantry
Maine 5th, 6th, 7th
New Jersey 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 10th, 15th
New York 43rd, 49th, 77th, 121st
Ohio 126th
Pennsylvania 49th, 61st, 95th, 96th
Wisconsin 5th

Confederate Infantry
Louisiana 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th
Virginia 2nd, 4th, 5th, 13th, 25th
Cavalry
North Carolina 1st

10:00 A.M. - The First Battle inside of Lake of the Woods
Sedgwick's skirmishers encountered the 1st NC Cavalry in the area of Mt. Pleasant Dr. to Beachside Cr.

12:00 P.M. - Sedgwick established the 1st Division Field Hospital at Spotswood's Farm.
Sedgwick's 1st Division headed down Culpeper Mine Road toward Saunder's Field.
The 49th Pennsylvania Volunteers chased a number of the 1st NC dismounted troopers in the vicinity of the #1 fairway. Pvt. Westbrook stated, "We drove the rebels in our front like a lot of sheep."

2:00 P.M. - Ewell deployed skirmishers in front of his regiments that had moved up the Culpeper Mine Road.
The 33rd Virginia Infantry rifles formed a line near the 5th green to the Lake. Ewell placed some artillery near Lee Cir. Their solid shot crashed through the tree tops along the 6th and 7th fairways.
Sedgwick's line stretched from Mansion Ct. back to Germanna Plank Road.
The 5th Wisconsin Infantry attacked Ewell's 1st Division in the area near LOW Church.

Sedgwick's Corps, some 24,163 troops, passed down Culpeper Mine Road and through the Wilderness.
During the next 36 hours of intense combat, 3,660 wounded walked or were carried back up the road to the Field Hospital; another 1,375 were killed or captured.
By midnight of May 6th, the rest had retreated to behind Keaton Lake.
Details
HM NumberHM18DO
Tags
Year Placed2011
Placed ByCivil War Study Group and Lake of the Woods, Virginia
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, September 19th, 2014 at 12:50pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 259553 N 4246752
Decimal Degrees38.33666667, -77.75103333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 20.2', W 77° 45.062'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 20' 12.00" N, 77° 45' 3.72" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)540
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 101-199 Fairway Dr, Locust Grove VA 22508, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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