Mulholland Point / La Pointe Mulholland

Mulholland Point / La Pointe Mulholland (HM177D)

Location: Welshpool, NB E5E 1B3 Charlotte County
Country: Canada

N 44° 52.575', W 66° 58.315'

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Inscription
Built in 1885, the Mulholland Point Lighthouse (photo 1) served as a guide for the many small coasters and freighters taking the shorter and more foul weather-protected route through the Lubec Narrows. Steamships, such as the Penobscot (photo 2), sailing between Boston, Portland, and Eastport in the 1890s could only travel through the Narrows when the tide was high. Otherwise, they had to steam around the eastern side of Campobello.

The first automobiles brought to the island during Campobello's Summer Colony era often came across from Eastport on the old inter-island steam ferry. As automobile traffic became more popular, various attempts were made to establish a more formal vehicle ferry crossing (photo 3) at the Narrows between Lubec and Campobello. Ferries carrying up to six automobiles operated at various times, but travel often depended upon the tides and fog.

While Governor of New York and later as President, FDR had often shown an interest in bridges, especially bridges between the United States and Canada. Construction of the "Roosevelt Memorial Bridge" began in January of 1960. Costs were shared equally by Canada and the United States. Formal opening of the bridge took place on August 13, 1962.

Navigation lights on the bridge rendered the Mulholland Point Lighthouse obsolete and the Canadian Coast Guard decommissioned the light in 1963. It was sold to a local resident who later sold it to the Look family of Washington County, Maine. In 1984, the Look brothers donated the Mulholland Point Lighthouse to the Roosevelt Campobello International Park Commission.

Visitors to the Mulholland Point picnic area (photo 4) enjoy views of the FDR Memorial Bridge, Lubec, Maine, the Channel Lighthouse, and the islands and waters of Johnson's Bay. Visitors often see harbor seals there, too.

The lighthouse is not open to the public. Other lighthouses in the area include East Quoddy Light on the northern end of Campobello, the Channel Light, south of the international bridge, and West Quoddy Head Light in South Lubec, Maine.
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?rig? en 1885, le phare de la pointe Mulholland (photo 1) a guid? les travers?es d'un grand nombre de petites embarcations c?ti?res et des navires cargos. Ces derniers empruntaient la route longeant le passage du "Narrows" situ? ? Lubec car elle ?tait plus courte et mieux prot?g?e des temp?ratures malveillantes. Les bateaux ? vapeur, tel que le Penobscot (photo 2), qui naviguaient entre Boston, Portland et Eastport durant les ann?es 1890 pouvaient uniquement traverser le "Narrows" ? mar?e haute. Lors de la mar?e basse, ces derniers devaient contourner l'?le de Campobello par le sud-est.

L'automobile fit sa premi?re apparition sur l'?le ? l'?poque des colonies estivales. Les premi?res voitures faisaient la travers?e vers l'?le sur un vieux traversier, de type bateau ? vapeur, en provenance de Eastport. Au fur et ? mesure que la circulation se faisait de plus en plus achaland?e, on effectua plusieurs tentatives en vue d'?tablir un syst?me de traversiers plus conventionnel situ? au passage du "Narrows" entre Lubec, Maine, et l'?le de Campobello (photo 3). L'op?ration de ces traversiers, transportant jusqu'? six automobiles, ?tait souvent assujettie ? la fluctuation des mar?es et au brouillard intense.

Alors qu'il ?tait gouverneur de l'?tat du New York, et ensuite Prident, FDR d?montra un int?r?t vif quant ? l'?rection d'un pont entre le Canada et les ?tats-Unis. La construction du pont "Roosevelt Memorial" d?buta en janvier 1960 et les co?ts de sa construction furent partag entre le Canada et les ?tats-Unis. L'inauguration officielle du pont se fit le 13 ao?t 1962.

Les feux de navigation du pont ont ?ventuellement ?t? remplac? par ceux du phare de la pointe Mulholland suivant la d?cision de la garde c?ti?re canadienne d'en suspendre leur service en 1963. Par la suite, le phare fut vendu ? un rident local qui l'a plus tard vendu ? la famille Look du compt? de Washington, Maine. En 1984, les fr?res Look en firent g?n?reusement don ? la Commission du Parc International Roosevelt de Campobello.

Les visiteurs aux aires de pique-nique de la pointe Mulholland (photo 4) sont agr?ment par une vue d'ensemble du pont FDR Memorial ? Lubec, Maine, ainsi que par le phare du canal, les ?les avoisinantes et les eaux de la baie Johnson. Parfois, les visiteurs peuvent aussi observer la prence de phoques dans le havre.

Le phare n'est pas ouvert au public. Plusieurs autres phares pars?ment les c?tes de la r?gion, dont ceux de "East Quoddy Light" au nord de l'?le de Campobello, le "Channel Light" au sud du pont international et le "West Quoddy Light" au sud de Lubec, Maine.
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Photo 1.
Mulholland Point Lighthouse.
La phare de la pointe Mulholland.

Photo 2.
This summer colony era photo shows the side-wheel steamship Penobscot sailing past the Mulholland Point Lighthouse.
Bateau ? vapeur naviguant pr du phare de la pointe Mulholland ? l'?poque des colonies.

Photo 3.
One of Campobello's first car ferries.
Un des premiers traversiers pour automobiles.
Details
HM NumberHM177D
Tags
Placed ByRoosevelt Campobello International Park
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, September 23rd, 2014 at 12:37am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)19T E 660187 N 4971204
Decimal Degrees44.87625000, -66.97191667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 44° 52.575', W 66° 58.315'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds44° 52' 34.50" N, 66° 58' 18.90" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)432
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 201-299 Unnamed Road, Welshpool NB E5E 1B3, CA
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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