Houston City, Republic of Texas

Houston City, Republic of Texas (HM16PQ)

Location: Houston, TX 77002 Harris County
Country: United States of America

N 29° 45.602', W 95° 22.219'

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Inscription
By vote of Congress, Nov. 30, 1836, chosen temporary capital for new Republic of Texas. At the time a small townsite at the head of Buffalo Bayou navigation. Into a "Houston City" of mud, tents, cabins on April 1, 1837, came President Sam Houston and his government. Finding its quarters unfinished, Congress postponed its opening session until May 1. The capitol building was a 2-story plantation style house, with columned porches. It was scene of many important Indian treaties, diplomatic negotiations, legislative functions. As no church yet graced the city, it also was used for religious services

That muddy April saw the city hold its first big social event—the anniversary celebration of the San Jacinto victory, with parade, reception and ball.

On Dec. 5, 1837, some war heroes and other leaders founded in the capital the Texas Philosophical Society, the Republic's first learned organization.

In a powdered wig, and dressed to resemble George Washington, President Houston made a 3-hour farewell address, after which Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar was inaugurated his successor on Dec. 10, 1838.

In 1839, removed to Austin, the capital returned here, but only briefly, 1842, in Mexican invasion.
Details
HM NumberHM16PQ
Tags
Marker Number10692_MARKER
Year Placed1965
Placed ByState Historical Survey Committee
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, October 25th, 2014 at 11:51pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15R E 270807 N 3294549
Decimal Degrees29.76003333, -95.37031667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 29° 45.602', W 95° 22.219'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds29° 45' 36.12" N, 95° 22' 13.14" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)713, 832, 210, 281
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1000 Bagby St, Houston TX 77002, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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