Brice's Cross Roads

Brice's Cross Roads (HM168B)

Location: Guntown, MS 38849 Lee County
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Country: United States of America
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N 34° 30.434', W 88° 43.383'

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Inscription

First Main Battle Line (Union)

Brig. Gen. Benjamin Grierson's Federal cavalry (3,300 troops) left Stubbs plantation (nine miles northwest of Brice's Cross Roads) at daybreak on June 10, 1864. By 10:00 a.m. the cavalry had reached Brice's Cross Roads and advance units had encountered "a heavy force of the enemy" along the Baldwyn Road. The cavalry was dismounted and deployed on either side of the road, in the woods at the western edge of a cleared field, one-half mile east of the Cross Roads. Col. George Waring's brigade was astride the road and Col. Edward Winslow's brigade was on the right of Waring's.

...I informed (Gen. Sturgis) that I had an advantageous position and could hold it if the infantry was brought up promptly. The enemy advanced upon us in large numbers, with double line of skirmishers and line of battle...

Brig. Gen. B. H. Grierson, Cavalry Division (US)


By noon Forrest had three brigades on the field (Lyon, Johnson and Rucker) and outnumbered the Federal cavalry in front of him. Forrest's first two attacks (a general frontal assault and a second against Waring's left) were repulsed, but his third succeeded in breaching the Union line between Waring's right flank and Winslow's left (immediately southwest of this location). The Union retreated to new positions one quarter mile from the Cross Roads.

The enemy was in very thick brush. I could not tell the exact position of the enemy's line....I had moved forward but a short distance when the enemy fired a volley...by which Lieutenant Dillon and many others of the company were severely wounded. The left of the regiment was obliged to fall back...As I heard the enemy advancing through the brush I ordered the regiment to lie close to the ground. (The Confederates) charged us twice in this position, but were driven back with heavy loss. We lay here about two hours within sixty yards of the enemy, the brush being so thick that we could not see them.

Maj. Abial R. Pierce, Fourth Iowa Cavalry


Battle Map Confederate Cavalry converges on Union Cavalry and pushes them towards Brice's Crossroads
Details
HM NumberHM168B
Tags
Marker NumberB-2
Placed ByCWPT (Civil War Preservation Trust)
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, September 23rd, 2014 at 2:11pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 341823 N 3819746
Decimal Degrees34.50723333, -88.72305000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 34° 30.434', W 88° 43.383'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds34° 30' 26.04" N, 88° 43' 22.98" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)662
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 8101-8111 Bethany Rd, Guntown MS 38849, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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