Agony of the Wounded

Agony of the Wounded (HM160B)

Location: Chickamauga, GA 30707 Walker County
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Country: United States of America
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N 34° 55.746', W 85° 16.099'

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The Snodgrass Cabin
served as a field hospital.

In 1863 George Snodgrass and his family of nine lived in a log house here. On the second day of the Battle of Chickamauga, Union forces made a desperate stand in the woods and fields surrounding the cabin, forcing the Snodgrass family to take cover in a nearby ravine with other refugees.

Thousands fell as Confederates attacked Union positions on Snodgrass Hill that afternoon. It was some of the war's bloodiest fighting, and the Snodgrass Cabin soon filled with wounded. That evening the Federals evacuated, leaving behind many wounded who could not be moved. For several days injured soldiers from both sides were treated here.

Army doctors found it difficult to cope with the great numbers of casualties and the ghastly wounds. Amputation was the standard treatment for the arms or legs smashed by bullets or shells. Anesthetics such as chloroform and ether were in use during this period, but were in short supply at Chickamauga.

Casualties at Chickamauga

Of 58,000 engaged
Killed .... 1,656
Wounded ... 9,749
Missing ... 4,774
Total .... 16,179

Of 66,000 engaged
Killed .... 2,673
Wounded .. 16,274
Missing ... 2,003
Total .... 20,950
[Caption under large picture]:

A Confederate surgeon amputates a soldier's arm in an effort to save his life. Amputations needed to be performed quickly - in fifteen minutes or less under battlefield conditions.

Because of its proximity to the heavy fighting on Snodgrass Hill, the Snodgrass cabin was used by both armies as a hospital. The building has been restored by the National Park Service.

[Caption under small picture]:

Selected equipment and supplies used by army surgeons at field hospitals. Some of the surgical instruments are nearly identical to those used today.
HM NumberHM160B
Placed ByChickamauga-Chattanooga National Military Park
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, October 15th, 2014 at 3:04am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 658163 N 3866549
Decimal Degrees34.92910000, -85.26831667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 34° 55.746', W 85° 16.099'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds34° 55' 44.76" N, 85° 16' 5.94" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)706
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 157 Vittetoe Rd, Chickamauga GA 30707, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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