Star-Spangled Banner National Historic TrailA series of explosions rocked the Patuxent on August 22, 1814. Commodore Joshua Barney's armed barges had eluded the British until their escape ended in the shallows of the river. His orders were clear: destroy the flotilla to keep it from enemy hands. Barney and 400 of his men headed overland toward Washington. About a hundred stayed behind near Pig Point (just northeast of here). At the first sight of British vessels, they scuttled their own fleet.
Seeing the explosions, the British turned back and landed at nearby Mount Calvert. They hurried to join more than 4,000 troops marching from Benedict. At Upper Marlboro the two branches of British invaders merged, just hours after Barney's men had marched through the town.
Americans rigged trains of gunpowder to ignite their abandoned flotilla barges, causing a series of deafening explosions.
"Seventeen Vessels...composed this formidable and So much Vaunted Flotilla, Sixteen were in quick Succession blown to atoms and the Seventeenth...was captured."
- British Vice Admiral Cochrane, August 22, 1814
Places to learn more about the 1814 British invasion:
* National Museum of the U.S. Navy, Washington Navy Yard - Artifacts from flotilla vessel scuttled near Pig Point
* Nottingham - Base for the Chesapeake Flotilla; interpretation at Nottingham School
* Mount Calvert Historical and Archaeological Park - Restored 18th century plantation house; archaeological excavations; river access
* Upper Marlboro - 18th-century Darnall's Chance house museum; tomb of Dr. William Beanes
* Jackson's Landing, Patuxent River Park - River access; near site where flotilla was scuttled
[side 2] O! say can you see..."
The Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail traces the War of 1812 in the Chesapeake. Along the trail you'll encounter tangible evidence of the war and stories that bring the people and events to life. Discover the far-reaching impacts of the war on this county and the world.
[Side 3] War in the Chesapeake
During the War of 1812 the young United States was embroiled in conflict with Great Britain. From 1812 to 1815 Americans fought to protect their rights and economic independence. They faced superior enemy forces on the homefront and the high seas.
The strategically important Chesapeake Bay region felt the brunt of the war, choked by shipping blockades and ravaged by enemy raids. The events in this region were crucial to the outcome of the war.
Though there was no clear victor at the end of the war, the United States protected its democracy and emerged with heightened stature on the world stage.
|Series||This marker is part of the Star Spangled Banner National Historic Trail series|
|Placed By||National Park Service|
|Marker Condition||No reports yet|
|Date Added||Tuesday, September 23rd, 2014 at 3:39am PDT -07:00|
|UTM (WGS84 Datum)||18S E 351369 N 4293035|
|Decimal Degrees||38.77353333, -76.71095000|
|Degrees and Decimal Minutes||N 38° 46.412', W 76° 42.657'|
|Degrees, Minutes and Seconds||38° 46' 24.72" N, 76° 42' 39.42" W|
|Driving Directions||Google Maps|
|Area Code(s)||301, 202, 410|
|Closest Postal Address||At or near 8400 Mc Clure Rd, Upper Marlboro MD 20772, US|
|Alternative Maps||Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap|
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