Les Gabares

Les Gabares (HM153W)

Location: La Roque-Gageac, Aquitaine 24250 Dordogne
Country: France
Buy France flags at Flagstore.com!

N 44° 49.534', E 1° 11.042'

  • 0 likes
  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites
  • 243 views
Inscription

La Roque-Gageac

Vous voici, place de Tarde!
Cet aplomb situ? au mileiu de jardin exotique vous permet de rep?rer ? votre gauche la bastide de Domme et ? votre droite le Ch?teau de Castlenaud. Entre ces deux sites d'exception, un m?andre de la Dordogne sur lequel vour pouvez apercevoir, ? la belle saison, les gabares naviguer.Cette rivi?re peu amenag?e (par rapport ? sa voisine la Garonne) ?tait navigable surtout par fortes eaux pour ?viter les pi?ges qu'elle pouvait dissimuler (arbres, rochers, courants, radiers...). Quand la Dordogne ?tait navigable, on disait que les eaux ?taient ?marchandes? .Batelier ?tait un m?tier dangereux: les hommes devaient ?tre aussi habiles que courageux. Compte tenu des accidents fr?quent: bateaux coul, ?chou, les bateliers ?taient souvent plut?t superstitieux...Les bateaux qui empruntaient la rivi?re ?taient appl ?garbares? , ?batelets? , ?croupes? ou encore ?chalands? . Leur appellation ?tait fonction de leur gabarit et du tonnage de marchandise qu'ils transportaient.La descente pouvait d?buter d'Argentat (en Corr?ze, ville la plus en amont d'o? ils pouvaient s'?lancer) et se terminait ? Bourdeaux-Libourne, Quand les bateaux n'?taient pas d?mantel ? leur arrivee ils remontaient la rivi?re. La remont?e pouvait commencer de Bordeaux-Libourne (le d?part se faisait avec l'arriv?e de la mar?e haute) et ne d?passait gu?re Souillac (Lot), Les gabares ?taient h?l?es gr?ce ? un attelage animal ou par la force humaine (cette derni?re pratique fut interdite au XIXe si?cle ? cause de probl?mes de brignadage). On utilisait alors les chemins de halage situ en bordure imm?diate de la rivi?re, en rive droite ou gauche en fonction de leur praticabilit?. Cette servitude obligeait les propri?taires riverains de la rivi?re de laisser passer ces attelges sur une certaine largeur et interdisait tout obstacle sur ce passage (plantations, barriers...).Les marchandises ?taient diversifi?es en fonction de la descente ou de la remont?e. Pour aller ? Bordeaux-Libourne les bateaux ?taient charg de bois, merrains, carassonnes, de vin, voire m?me d'affaires personnelles ? destination d'un proche par example. La remont?e favorisait l'embarcation de marchandises localement rares comme le sel.Nombre d'activites d?pendaient et se d?veloppaient avec ce commerce fluvial. Cela allait de charpentiers de marine (qui fabriquaient les gabares), aux marchands de bois, h?teliers, et beaucoup d'autres commerces. Cette petite ?conomie animait ainsi nos campagnes.La concurrence qu'amena l'arriv?e du chemin de fer ? Sarlat le 2 Juillet 1882, fit dispara?tre petit ? petit les m?tiers du fleuve. En 1937 un bateau remonta pour la derni?re fois le canal ? jusqu'? Mauzac.Aujourd'hui en amont de Tuili?re la rivi?re n'est plus consid?r?e comme un rivi?re navigable et commerciale. Vous verrez par entroit des gabares transportant visiteurs et familles sur un circuit touristique profitant de points de vue imprenables sur les villages pittoresque qui bordent la Dordogne. C'est ainsi une fa?on de faire revivre cette ?poque.

[English translation by Google Translate , with modifications:
The Gabares
Here you are, instead of Tarde!From this choice site among elegant exotic garden you can find on your left the Domme and right Castle Castlenaud. Between these two exceptional sites, a bend of the Dordogne where vou can see, in the summer, the boats sail.

This little river (compared to its neighbor the Garonne) was navigable waters especially strong to avoid the pitfalls that could hide (trees, rocks, streams, riffles ...). When the Dordogne was navigable, it was said that the waters were "market."Boatman was a dangerous business: men should be as clever as courageous. Given the frequent accidents: boats sunk, stranded, boatmen were often rather superstitious ...

Boats traveling the river were called "garbares", "batelets", "ridges" or "shoppers". Their name was based on their size and the tonnage of cargo they carried.The descent could begin at Argentat (Corr?ze, city upstream from which they could leave) and ended at Bourdeaux-Libourne, When the boats were not dismantled [for their lumber] after their arrival, they would returned up the river.

The ascent began at Bordeaux Libourne (starting was with the arrival of high tide) and did not go beyond Souillac (Lot), the barges were winched with a team of animal or human power (the latter practice was prohibited in the nineteenth century because of problems brignadage). One then used the towpaths immediately bordering the river, right or left side depending on their feasibility. This required an easement from the landowners bordering the river pass allowing these teams over a certain width and forbade any obstruction on this passage (trees, barriers ...).The goods were varied depending on the descent or ascent. To go to Bordeaux Libourne boats were loaded with timber, staves, grapevine poles, wine, or even personal belongings of a loved destination for example. Favored for the ascent of the craft, merchandise rare locally such as salt.

A number of activities depended on and developed with the river trade. This ranged from shipwrights (who made the barges), the timber merchants, hotels and many other businesses. This small economy in this way animated the countryside.

Competition, which came with the arrival of the railway in Sarlat July 2, 1882, gradually resulted in disappearance of the river trades. In 1937 a boat went up for the last time until the channel Mauzac.Today from Tuili?re upstream the river is no longer considered navigable and commercial. You will see the barges carrying visitors and families on a tour, enjoying stunning views of the picturesque villages bordering the Dordogne. This is a way to relive that time.]

Details
HM NumberHM153W
Tags
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, September 5th, 2014 at 11:25pm PDT -07:00
Pictures
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)31T E 356440 N 4965177
Decimal Degrees44.82556667, 1.18403333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 44° 49.534', E 1° 11.042'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds44° 49' 32.04" N, 1° 11' 2.52" E
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)276
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 7-9 Les Côtes, La Roque-Gageac Aquitaine 24250, FR
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. Is this marker part of a series?
  2. What historical period does the marker represent?
  3. What historical place does the marker represent?
  4. What type of marker is it?
  5. What class is the marker?
  6. What style is the marker?
  7. Does the marker have a number?
  8. What year was the marker erected?
  9. Who or what organization placed the marker?
  10. This marker needs at least one picture.
  11. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  12. Is the marker in the median?