Exodus 1947: "The ship That Launched a Nation"

Exodus 1947: "The ship That Launched a Nation" (HM14MG)

Location: Baltimore, MD 21202
Country: United States of America

N 39° 17.202', W 76° 36.378'

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Inscription
Near this spot, the Baltimore steamer President Warfield began her epic voyage into history. Built in 1928 as the flagship of the Old Bay Line, she ran nightly cruises between Baltimore and Norfolk. In 1943 she was given to Britain under the wartime lend-lease program, but joined the U.S. Navy in 1944 as a harbor control vessel off Omaha Beach after the D-day landings. Purchased as war surplus in 1946, she was outfitted in Baltimore as part of a secret fleet to transport Holocaust survivors through the British blockade against Jewish immigration to the Land of Israel. On July 18, 1947, manned mainly by Americans and carrying over 4,500 refugees, she was attacked by British warships and boarded in international waters. Three men were killed, including the American mate William Bernstein: dozens were wounded. During the struggle the ship's new name, Exodus 1947, was proclaimed to the world. The British returned the captured refugees by force to detention camps in occupied Germany. The saga of Exodus 1947 inspired the world to condemn British policy, led to the UN resolution to partition Palestine, and symbolized the birth of Israel. The ship itself, battered and abandoned, burned and sank in the Haifa harbor in 1952. Between 1946 and 1948 volunteers from the United States and Canada acquired, equipped and manned 10 ships which carried 30,000 refugees through the British blockade. Erected by the Jewish Museum of Maryland and the Baltimore Zionist District on July 18, 1997. This marker commemorates the fiftieth anniversary of the voyage of Exodus 1947. It is also a memorial to Mose I. Speert who led Baltimore's efforts to equip refugee transports. We salute the crewmen for their valor and the refugees for their courage.The four vessels outlined in Baltimore: Exodus 1947 (originally President Warfield) Chaim Arlosoroff (Ulua) Hatikva (Tradewinds) Jewish State (Nortbland)Outfitted elsewhere: Josiah Wedgewood (Beaubarnois) Haganab (Norsyd) Ben Hecht (Abril) Geula (Paducab) Kibbutz Galuyor (Pan York) Atzmaut (Pan Crescent)
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Details
HM NumberHM14MG
Tags
Year Placed1997
Placed ByJewish Museum of Maryland and the Baltimore Zionist District
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 22nd, 2014 at 7:25pm PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 361467 N 4349822
Decimal Degrees39.28670000, -76.60630000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 17.202', W 76° 36.378'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 17' 12.12" N, 76° 36' 22.68" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)301, 410, 443
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 701 E Pratt St, Baltimore MD 21202, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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