Built in 1885 by George Rainsford Fairbanks, lawyer, historian, and editor. Born in 1820 at Watertown, New York, Fairbanks moved to Florida in 1842 and became a major in the Confederate Army.
He edited the Fernandina Florida Mirror, presided over the Board of Trade, pioneered in developing the citrus industry, and helped establish the University of the South at Sewannee, Tennessee. Thousands of school children used his "History of Florida" as a textbook.
He was one of the founders of the Florida Historical Society in 1856.